From the Ashes of Empire: The Reconstruction of Manchukuo’s Enterprises and the Making of China’s Northeastern Industrial Base, 1948-1952

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Abstract

Koji Hirata Anshan Iron and Steel Works (Angang in Chinese) is situated in the city of Anshan, Liaoning Province in Northeast China, which was historically called Manchuria. Today, Angang is often referred to as a prime example of the archaic and inefficient state-owned enterprises (SOEs) endemic to China’s northeastern “Rust Belt. ” During the Mao period (1949–1976) , however, heavy industry, including the steel industry, and the SOEs were regarded as the core of “socialist industrialization,” which was to bring China to a higher stage of history along the Marxist predetermined route. The Northeast was considered the most “advanced” region, with the highest concentration of heavy industry and SOEs in the country. Importantly, Angang was originally established by a Japanese colonial company rather than by the Chinese state. Japan’s South Manchurian Railway Company, or Mantetsu, established the Anshan Ironworks in 1918, and in 1933 it was reorganized and renamed the...
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationOvercoming Empire
Subtitle of host publicationRepatriation, Redress and Rebuilding in Post-Imperial East Asia
EditorsBarak Kushner, Sherzod Muminov
Place of PublicationLondon UK
PublisherBloomsbury Academic
Chapter7
Pages147-162
Number of pages16
ISBN (Electronic)9781350127067, 9781350127074
ISBN (Print)9781350127050
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Publication series

NameSOAS Studies in Modern and Contemporary Japan
PublisherBloomsbury Academic

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