From revolution to evolution: the changing meanings of socialist land in Vietnam

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The socialist trope of people’s ownership of land laid down deep roots in Vietnam. According to the communist party’s foundational mythology, the revolution was fought to replace private land ownership with collective agriculture. By the end of the 1980s internal and external forces compelled reluctant party leaders to incrementally strengthen private rights property rights in land. This chapter explores why this shift towards private land rights has followed different trajectories for agricultural land, and urban residential land. It then discusses how public pressure over land- taking disputes has promoted the party-state to make some modest reforms without touching the socialist trope that land is a public asset.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSocialist Law in Socialist East Asia
EditorsFu Hualing, John Gillespie, Pip Nicholson, William Partlett
Place of PublicationCambridge UK
PublisherCambridge University Press
Number of pages23
ISBN (Print)9781108424813
Publication statusPublished - 2018


  • Sociliast Law, Comparative Law in Asia, Land Disputes, Civil Movements

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