From EN to BN to RN: An exploration and analysis of the literature

Nicholas Ralph, Melanie Birks, Ysanne Chapman, Nona Muldoon, Carol McPherson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


The nursing profession has experienced significant change over the last 100 years. Consequently, the workforce of the 21st century is a diverse entity that is edging toward the specialization of nurses in a specific clinical setting. In such an environment, a common knowledge base is demanded of nurses - a factor that has affected the development of second level, or enrolled nurses (ENs). The forces at play raise questions about nursing roles and scopes of practice. The establishment of education pathways that promote career development has been the stimulus for conversations about the effectiveness of the transition of EN to registered nurse (RN). This paper presents a review of the literature that identifies and explores common emerging themes (making the move from EN; adapting to Bachelor of Nursing; transitioning to RN) associated with this transition through the process of undertaking baccalaureate studies in nursing.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)225-236
Number of pages12
JournalContemporary Nurse
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • Baccalaureate nursing education
  • Bachelor of nursing
  • Degree conversion programs
  • Division two nurse
  • Enrolled nurse
  • Enrolled nurse conversion
  • Enrolled nurse education
  • Nurse education
  • Nurse transition
  • Nursing
  • Registered nurse
  • Transition to practice

Cite this