Frequency and quality of return to study following traumatic brain injury

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Objective: To examine the frequency and experience of return to secondary or tertiary study over a 10-year period following traumatic brain injury (TBI). Participants: A group of 295 students with moderate to severe TBI followed prospectively. Setting: Epworth HealthCare TBI outpatient rehabilitation program follow-up clinic 1 to 10 years postinjury. Main Outcome Measures: Frequency of return to study. Also, for a subset, changes in course enrollment, utilization of additional educational supports, and experience of return to study postinjury. Results: Of those studying preinjury, 295 attended the follow-up clinic appointments, with 167 (56 ) having returned to study. Those who did not return to study had significantly longer posttraumatic amnesia duration. The cross-sectional follow-up revealed that 60.4 were studying at 1 year postinjury, 37.5 at 2 years postinjury, 50.0 at 3 years postinjury, 31.1 at 5 years postinjury, and 2.0 at 10 years postinjury. Many had migrated into employment. A subsample of 95 participants reported on their educational experience. Of those, 28.7 changed their course enrollment from full-time to part-time. While supports such as tuition and special consideration were greatly increased postinjury, students reported the proportion of subjects passed of 79.0 . However, they experienced cognitive difficulties and fatigue and felt less satisfied with their studies. CONCLUSIONS: Return to study was relatively successful; however, this was associated with the experience of fatigue and need for far greater effort, assistance and reduced study hours, and somewhat less overall satisfaction
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)248 - 256
Number of pages9
JournalThe Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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