Fragmentation of the classical magnetic resonance mismatch "penumbral" pattern with time

Henry Ma, Jorge Zavala, Hock Teoh, Leonid Churilov, Marveyles Gunawan, John Ly, Peter Wright, Thanh Phan, Shuji Arakawa, Stephen M Davis, Geoffrey A Donnan

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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The classical mismatch pattern in the middle cerebral artery territory stroke on MR is defined by a central diffusion-weighted image core with surrounding mismatch tissue. Because of variable rates of tissue salvage, we hypothesized that this pattern may fragment over time and may be influenced by vessel patency, mismatch volume, and infarct core location. METHODS: Patients were recruited with MR studies performed within 48 hours of ischemic stroke. Mismatch patterns based on diffusion-weighted/perfusion-weighted images were categorized as classical (majority of the diffusion-weighted image within the perfusion-weighted image lesion) or nonclassical (fragmented) patterns. The proportion of patterns was assessed with reference to time, vessel patency, mismatch volume, and infarct core location. RESULTS: Sixty-seven patients (33 classical [49.3 and 34 nonclassical patterns [50.7 ) were studied within 48 hours (median age, 74.0 years). Compared to the nonclassical pattern, the classical pattern had a shorter time to MR (3.4 hours vs 10.4 hours; P=0.004) and a larger mismatch volume (62.0 mL vs 3.5 mL; P
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3752 - 3757
Number of pages6
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2009

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