Fractional flow reserve derived from coronary computed tomography angiography: Diagnostic performance in hypertensive and diabetic patients

Ashkan Eftekhari, James Min, Stephan Achenbach, Mohamed Marwan, Matthew Budoff, Jonathon Leipsic, Sara Gaur, Jesper Møller Jensen, Brian S. Ko, Evald Høj Christiansen, Anne Kaltoft, Hans Erik Bøtker, Jens Flensted Jensen, Bjarne Linde Nørgaard

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Abstract

Aims Fractional flow reserve (FFR) derived from coronary computed tomography (FFR CT) has high diagnostic performance in stable coronary artery disease (CAD). The diagnostic performance of FFR CT in patients with hypertension (HTN) and diabetes (DM), who are at risk of microvascular impairment, is not known. Methods and results We analysed the diagnostic performance of FFR CT, in patients (vessels) with DM (n = 16), HTN (n = 186), DM + HTN (n = 58) vs. controls (n = 107) with or with suspected CAD. Patients (vessels) were further divided according to left ventricular mass index (LVMI) tertiles. Reference standard was invasively measured FFR ≤0.80. Per-patient diagnostic accuracy (95% CI) in control patients was 71.7% (61.6-81.8) vs. 79.3 (74.0-85.0) (P = 0.12), 75.0% (47.6-92.7) (P = 0.52), and 75.9% (62.8-86.1) (P = 0.39) in patients with HTN, DM, and HTM + DM, respectively. There was no difference in discrimination of ischaemia by FFR CT between groups. On a per-vessel level, there was no significant difference in diagnostic performance or discrimination of ischaemia by FFR CT between groups. There was a decline in both per-patient and -vessel diagnostic specificity of FFR CT in the upper LVMI tertile when compared with lower tertiles; however, discrimination of ischaemia by FFR CT was unaltered across LVMI tertiles. Conclusion The diagnostic performance of FFR CT is independent of the presence of HTN and DM. FFR CT is a robust method in a broad stable CAD population, including patients at high risk for microvascular disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1351-1360
Number of pages10
JournalEuropean Heart Journal: Cardiovascular Imaging
Volume18
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • angiography
  • coronary computed tomography
  • diabetes
  • fractional flow reserve
  • hypertension
  • microcirculation

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