Formation of novel composite fibres exhibiting thermochromic behaviour

L. Van Der Werff, Ilias Louis Kyratzis, A. Robinson, R Cranston, G. Peeters

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference PaperResearch

Abstract

A novel composite monofilament fibre containing cholesteric liquid crystalline materials and exhibiting clear thermochromic behaviour has been developed using polymer melt extrusion techniques. The liquid crystalline material trapped within the fibres changes colour through the full visible spectrum from red to blue as the temperature is increased through a pre-defined temperature range. The behaviour is reversible, readily tunable to a desired temperature range and precise enough that a temperature change of less than 0.5°C may be observable with the naked eye. These fibres can be knitted or woven into a textile product exhibiting similar thermochromic behaviour. Applications of textile products exhibiting a reversible temperature dependent colour change are broad. Fibres exhibiting thermochromic behaviour within the body temperature range are predicted to become highly useful in medical applications. For example, incorporation into wound dressings for complete thermal mapping across a wound bed provides a simpler alternative to electronic based temperature monitoring systems. Detrimental developments such as inflammation and infection may be detected in the early stages using this type of system.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationICCM 2011 - The 18th International Conference on Composite Materials
Subtitle of host publicationJeju South Korea; 21 - 26 August 2011
Place of PublicationSouth Korea
PublisherThe Korean Society for Composite Materials
Pages1-5
Number of pages5
Publication statusPublished - 2011
EventInternational Conference on Composite Materials 2011 - Jeju, Korea, Republic of (South)
Duration: 21 Aug 201126 Aug 2011
Conference number: 18th

Conference

ConferenceInternational Conference on Composite Materials 2011
Abbreviated titleICCM 2011
CountryKorea, Republic of (South)
CityJeju
Period21/08/1126/08/11

Keywords

  • Composite
  • Extrusion
  • Fibres
  • Textiles
  • Thermochromic

Cite this

Van Der Werff, L., Kyratzis, I. L., Robinson, A., Cranston, R., & Peeters, G. (2011). Formation of novel composite fibres exhibiting thermochromic behaviour. In ICCM 2011 - The 18th International Conference on Composite Materials: Jeju South Korea; 21 - 26 August 2011 (pp. 1-5). The Korean Society for Composite Materials.