Forced labour’s business models and supply chains

Jean Orio Joseph Allain, Andrew Crane, Genevieve LeBaron, Laya Behbahani

Research output: Book/ReportCommissioned ReportOther


This report demonstrates how businesses profit from forced labour. It considers the construction industry, the food sector and cannabis ‘grow-ops’to demonstrate where and how their labour supply chains may be vulnerable to forced labour. The United Kingdom is at the forefront in creating new responsibilities for businesses to ensure that their supply chains are free of forced labour. This report assists by examining vulnerabilities in hiring practices, social auditing and government policies. It maps how forced labour may find its way into legitimate supply chains.The report demonstrates that:
• the UK economy creates a pool of people vulnerable to forced labour;
• forced labour in the UK is not hidden;• informality and the informal market are associated with forced labour;
• within construction, food and the cannabis industries, sector-specific conditions create the possibility of forced labour.
Original languageEnglish
PublisherJoseph Rowntree Foundation
Commissioning bodyJoseph Rowntree Foundation
Number of pages77
ISBN (Print)978 1 85935 996 9
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes

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