Objectives: There is no consensus regarding optimal follow-up in resected gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumours (NETs). We aimed to perform a practice survey to ascertain follow-up patterns by health care practitioners and highlight areas of variation that may benefit from further quantitative research. Methods: A Web-based survey targeted at NET health care providers in Australia, New Zealand, Canada, and the USA was developed by a steering committee of medical oncologists and a research methodologist. Thirty-seven questions elicited information regarding adherence to guidelines, the influence of risk factors on follow-up, and the frequency and choice of modality in follow-up. Results: There were 163 respondents: 59 from Australia, 25 from New Zealand, 46 from Canada, and 33 from the USA (50% medical oncology, 23% surgery, 13% nuclear medicine, and 15% other). Thirty-eight percent of the respondents were "very familiar" with the NCCN NET guidelines, 33% with the ENETS guidelines, and 17% with the ESMO guidelines; however, only 15, 27, and 10%, respectively, found them "very useful"; 63% reported not using guidelines at their institution. The commonest investigations used were CT scans (66%) and chromogranin A (86%). The US respondents were more likely to follow patients up past 5 years, and the Australian respondents utilized more functional and less cross-sectional imaging. When poor prognostic factors were introduced, the respondents recommended more visits and tests. Conclusions: This large international survey highlights variation in current follow-up practices not well addresed by the current guidelines. More quantitative research is required to inform the development of evidence-based guidelines tailored to the pattern of recurrence in NETs.
- Neuroendocrine tumour