Focused Ion Beam Direct Fabrication of Subwavelength Nanostructures on Silicon for Multicolor Generation

Vivek Garg, Rakesh G. Mote, Jing Fu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)


Color filtering via interaction of visible light with nanostructured surfaces offers high resolution printing of structural colors. A novel approach for color filtering in reflection mode via direct fabrication of subwavelength nanostructures on high-index, low-loss, and inexpensive silicon (Si) substrate is developed. Nanostructures having a unique geometry of tapered holes are fabricated exploiting the Gaussian nature of a gallium source focused ion beam (FIB). The fabrication process is rapid and single-step, i.e., without any pre- or postprocessing or mask preparation in contrast to previously reported nanostructures for color filtering. These nanostructures are tunable via FIB parameters and a wide color palette is created. Finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) calculations reveal that the unique tapered nanohole geometry facilitates enhanced color purity via selective absorption of a narrow band of incident light wavelengths and makes it possible to obtain a wide variety of colors suitable for realistic color printing applications. The proposed approach is demonstrated for color printing applications via fabrication of butterflies and letters on Si.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1800100
Number of pages10
JournalAdvanced Materials Technologies
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2018


  • focused ion beam nanofabrication
  • nanoscale color printing
  • Si nanophotonics
  • structural colors
  • subwavelength nanostructures

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