FLT3-ligand treatment of humanized mice results in the generation of large numbers of CD141+ and CD1c+ dendritic cells in vivo

Yitian Ding, Andrew Robert J Wilkinson, Adi Idris, Benjamin Richard Fancke, Meredith O'Keeffe, Dalia Khalil, Xinsheng Ju, Mireille H Lahoud, Irina Caminschi, Ken Shortman, Robyn L Rodwell, Slavica Vuckovic, Kristen J Radford

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We established a humanized mouse model incorporating FLT3-ligand (FLT3-L) administration after hematopoietic cell reconstitution to investigate expansion, phenotype, and function of human dendritic cells (DC). FLT3-L increased numbers of human CD141+ DC, CD1c+ DC, and, to a lesser extent, plasmacytoid DC (pDC) in the blood, spleen, and bone marrow of humanized mice. CD1c+ DC and CD141+ DC subsets were expanded to a similar degree in blood and spleen, with a bias toward expansion of the CD1c+ DC subset in the bone marrow. Importantly, the human DC subsets generated after FLT3-L treatment of humanized mice are phenotypically and functionally similar to their human blood counterparts. CD141+ DC in humanized mice express C-type lectin-like receptor 9A, XCR1, CADM1, and TLR3 but lack TLR4 and TLR9. They are major producers of IFN-? in response to polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid but are similar to CD1c+ DC in their capacity to produce IL-12p70. Although all DC subsets in humanized mice are efficient at presenting peptide to CD8+ T cells, CD141+ DC are superior in their capacity to cross-present protein Ag to CD8+ T cells following activation with polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid. CD141 + DC can be targeted in vivo following injection of Abs against human DEC-205 or C-type lectin-like receptor 9A. This model provides a feasible and practical approach to dissect the function of human CD141+ and CD1c+ DC and evaluate adjuvants and DC-targeting strategies in vivo.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1982 - 1989
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Immunology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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