Flow structure study on expanded bed in gas fluidization of fine ellipsoids

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Abstract

Combined approach of computational fluid dynamics for gas phase and discrete element method for particles (CFD-DEM) is used to exhibit the formation of expanded bed in gas fluidisation of fine ellipsoids. The results illustrate that in the start-up stage, the bulk disconnects into two major bulks with a lowest contact force on the axial direction, especially for flat and elongated particles. The positions of the lowest point of contact force slightly change with time for oblate and prolate particles, but it moves smoothly from bottom to top for spheres. A slower gas introduction process has a mildest change in bed height (porosity). The fractures between major bulks gradually disappear when the cohesive forces become smaller. In the transition stage, when aspect ratio deviates from 1.0, the pressure drop fluctuation significantly increases. In the stable stage, when the aspect ratio decreases or increases from 1.0, the contact forces and van der Waals forces increases, and the particle-fluid forces become less uniformly distribution in the beds. Ellipsoidal particles undergo an orientation rearrangement during the expansion process.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationFluidization and Multiphase Flow 2018 - Topical at the 8th World Congress on Particle Technology
PublisherAIChE
Pages25-32
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)9781510869790
Publication statusPublished - 2018
EventWorld Congress on Particle Technology (WCPT) 2018 - Orlando, United States of America
Duration: 22 Apr 201826 Apr 2018
Conference number: 8th

Conference

ConferenceWorld Congress on Particle Technology (WCPT) 2018
Abbreviated titleWCPT 2018
CountryUnited States of America
CityOrlando
Period22/04/1826/04/18

Keywords

  • Cfd-dem
  • Expanded bed
  • Fine ellipsoid
  • Interparticle force

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