First serial assessment at 6 months and 2 years of the second generation of absorb everolimus-eluting bioresorbable vascular scaffold: a multi-imaging modality study

John A Ormiston, Patrick W Serruys, Yoshinobu Onuma, Robert-Jan van Geuns, Bernard de Bruyne, Dariusz Dudek, Leif Thuesen, Pieter C Smits, Bernard Chevalier, Dougal McClean, Jacques Koolen, Stephan Windecker, Robert Whitbourn, Ian T Meredith, Cecile Dorange, Susan Veldhof, Karine Miquel Hebert, Richard Rapoza, Hector M Garcia-Garcia

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Nonserial observations have shown this bioresorbable scaffold to have no signs of area reduction at 6 months and recovery of vasomotion at 1 year. Serial observations at 6 months and 2 years have to confirm the absence of late restenosis or unfavorable imaging outcomes. METHODS AND RESULTS: The ABSORB trial is a multicenter single-arm trial assessing the safety and performance of an everolimus-eluting bioresorbable vascular scaffold. Forty-five patients underwent serial invasive imaging, such as quantitative coronary angiography, intravascular ultrasound, and optical coherence tomography at 6 and 24 months of follow-up. From 6 to 24 months, late luminal loss increased from 0.16+/-0.18 to 0.27+/-0.20 mm on quantitative coronary angiography, with an increase in neointima of 0.68+/-0.43 mm(2) on optical coherence tomography and 0.17+/-0.26 mm(2) on intravascular ultrasound. Struts still recognizable on optical coherence tomography at 2 years showed 99 of neointimal coverage with optical and ultrasonic signs of bioresorption accompanied by increase in mean scaffold area compared with baseline (0.54+/-1.09 mm(2) on intravascular ultrasound, P=0.003 and 0.77+/-1.33 m(2) on optical coherence tomography, P=0.016). Two-year major adverse cardiac event rate was 6.8 without any scaffold thrombosis. CONCLUSIONS: This serial analysis of the second generation of the everolimus-eluting bioresorbable vascular scaffold confirmed, at medium term, the safety and efficacy of the new device. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT00856856.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)620 - 632
Number of pages13
JournalCirculation: Cardiovascular Interventions
Volume5
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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