First-line Treatment with Empagliflozin and Metformin Combination Versus Standard Care for Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Cardiovascular Disease in Qatar. A Cost-Effectiveness Analysis

Dina Abushanab, Daoud Al-Badriyeh, Danny Liew, Zanfina Ademi

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Sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors have shown to reduce cardiovascular events and mortality in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), but they are currently not used as first-line therapy in clinical practice. This study sought to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of first-line empagliflozin plus standard care for patients with newly diagnosed T2DM and existing cardiovascular disease (CVD). A decision-analytic Markov model with one-year cycles and a lifetime time horizon was developed from the perspective of the Qatari healthcare system to compare first-line empagliflozin combined with metformin versus metformin monotherapy for patients aged 50 to 79 years with T2DM and existing CVD. Two health states were considered: ‘Alive with CVD and T2DM’ and ‘Dead’. Patients could experience non-fatal myocardial infarction, non-fatal stroke, hospitalization for heart failure, hospitalization for unstable angina, and cardiovascular or non-cardiovascular death. Model inputs were ascertained from published and publicly available sources in Qatar. Costs and outcomes were discounted at 3% per annum. Sensitivity analyses were conducted to evaluate parameter uncertainty. The model predicted that adding empagliflozin to current standard care led to additional 1.9 years of life saved (YoLS) and 1.5 quality-adjusted life year (QALYs) per person, and an incremental cost of QAR 56,869 (USD 15,619), which equated to an incremental cost-effectiveness ratio of QAR 30,675 (USD 8,425) per YoLS and QAR 39,245 (USD 10,779) per QALY. Sensitivity analyses showed the findings to be robust. First-line empagliflozin combined with metformin appears to be a cost-effective therapeutic option for patients with T2DM and CVD.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100852
Number of pages20
JournalCurrent Problems in Cardiology
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2022

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