First Demonstration of Electrostatic Damping of Parametric Instability at Advanced LIGO

LSC Instrument Authors

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Interferometric gravitational wave detectors operate with high optical power in their arms in order to achieve high shot-noise limited strain sensitivity. A significant limitation to increasing the optical power is the phenomenon of three-mode parametric instabilities, in which the laser field in the arm cavities is scattered into higher-order optical modes by acoustic modes of the cavity mirrors. The optical modes can further drive the acoustic modes via radiation pressure, potentially producing an exponential buildup. One proposed technique to stabilize parametric instability is active damping of acoustic modes. We report here the first demonstration of damping a parametrically unstable mode using active feedback forces on the cavity mirror. A 15 538 Hz mode that grew exponentially with a time constant of 182 sec was damped using electrostatic actuation, with a resulting decay time constant of 23 sec. An average control force of 0.03 nN was required to maintain the acoustic mode at its minimum amplitude.

Original languageEnglish
Article number151102
Number of pages7
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume118
Issue number15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 11 Apr 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Interferometric gravitational
  • Gravitational waves
  • Detectors

Cite this

@article{2cb77fd79acd4a9fa33771b5c6f333ec,
title = "First Demonstration of Electrostatic Damping of Parametric Instability at Advanced LIGO",
abstract = "Interferometric gravitational wave detectors operate with high optical power in their arms in order to achieve high shot-noise limited strain sensitivity. A significant limitation to increasing the optical power is the phenomenon of three-mode parametric instabilities, in which the laser field in the arm cavities is scattered into higher-order optical modes by acoustic modes of the cavity mirrors. The optical modes can further drive the acoustic modes via radiation pressure, potentially producing an exponential buildup. One proposed technique to stabilize parametric instability is active damping of acoustic modes. We report here the first demonstration of damping a parametrically unstable mode using active feedback forces on the cavity mirror. A 15 538 Hz mode that grew exponentially with a time constant of 182 sec was damped using electrostatic actuation, with a resulting decay time constant of 23 sec. An average control force of 0.03 nN was required to maintain the acoustic mode at its minimum amplitude.",
keywords = "Interferometric gravitational, Gravitational waves, Detectors",
author = "Carl Blair and Slawek Gras and Richard Abbott and Aston, {Stuart Mark} and Betzwieser, {Joseph C} and David Blair and DeRosa, {Ryan T} and Matthew Evans and Valera Frolov and Fritschel, {Peter K} and Hartmut Grote and Terra Hardwick and Jian Liu and Lormand, {Marc Doug} and John Miller and Adam Mullavey and Brian O'Reilly and Chunnong Zhao and Abbott, {B. P.} and Abbott, {T. D.} and C. Adams and Adhikari, {Rana X} and Anderson, {S. B.} and A. Ananyeva and S. Appert and Koji Arai and Ballmer, {Stefan W} and D. Barker and B Barr and Lisa Barsotti and J. Bartlett and Imre Bartos and Batch, {J. C.} and Bell, {A. S.} and GariLynn Billingsley and J. Birch and Sebastien Biscans and Biwer, {Christoph M} and Rolf Bork and Brooks, {Aidan F} and Giacomo Ciani and Filiberto Clara and Countryman, {Stefan Trklja} and Cowart, {M. J.} and Coyne, {Dennis C} and A. Cumming and L. Cunningham and K Danzmann and {Da Silva Costa}, {C. F.} and Daw, {Edward J} and DeBra, {Daniel B} and Riccardo DeSalvo and Dooley, {Katherine L} and Suresh Doravari and Driggers, {J. C.} and Dwyer, {S. E.} and Anamaria Effler and Todd Etzel and Evans, {T. M.} and Maxim Factourovich and H. Fair and {Fern{\'a}ndez Galiana}, A. and Fisher, {R. P.} and Paul Fulda and Michael Fyffe and Giaime, {Joseph A} and Giardina, {K Dwayne} and Evan Goetz and Ryan Goetz and C. Gray and Gushwa, {Kaitlin E} and Gustafson, {Eric K} and Gustafson, {Kirk R} and Hall, {E. D.} and Hammond, {Ian G} and Jonathan Hanks and J Hanson and Harry, {Gregg M} and Heintze, {M. C.} and Heptonstall, {Alastair W} and J. Hough and Kiwamu Izumi and R. Jones and Shivaraj Kandhasamy and S. Karki and Marie Kasprzack and Steffen Kaufer and Keita Kawabe and N. Kijbunchoo and King, {E. J.} and King, {P. J.} and Kissel, {J. S.} and Korth, {William Zach} and Gerrit Kuehn and Marc Landry and Brian Lantz and Lockerbie, {N. A.} and Lundgren, {Andrew P} and MacInnis, {Myron E} and Macleod, {D. M.} and S. M{\'a}rka and Z. M{\'a}rka and Markosyan, {A S} and Edward Maros and Martin, {I. W.} and Martynov, {Denis V} and K. Mason and Massinger, {Thomas James} and Fabrice Matichard and Nergis Mavalvala and McCarthy, {Damien R} and McClelland, {David E} and S. McCormick and Gary McIntyre and J. McIver and Gregory Mendell and Merilh, {E. L.} and Meyers, {P. M.} and Richard Mittleman and Gerardo Moreno and Gunnar Mueller and J Munch and Nuttall, {Laura K} and J. Oberling and Patrick Oppermann and Oram, {Richard J} and Ottaway, {D J} and Harry Overmier and Palamos, {J. R.} and Paris, {Hugo Romain Aurelien} and W. Parker and Arnaud Pele and S. Penn and M. Phelps and Vincenzo Pierro and Pinto, {Antonello I} and M. Principe and Prokhorov, {L. G.} and Oliver Puncken and Volker Quetschke and Quintero, {Eric Antonio} and Raab, {F. J.} and Hugh Radkins and Peter Raffai and S. Reid and Reitze, {D H} and Robertson, {N. A.} and Rollins, {Jameson Graef} and Roma, {V. J.} and Romie, {Janeen Hazel} and Rowan, {Kingsley S} and K. Ryan and T. Sadecki and Sanchez, {E. J.} and Sandberg, {Vernon D} and Savage, {R. L.} and Schofield, {Robert M S} and Danny Sellers and Shaddock, {Daniel A} and Shaffer, {T. J.} and Shapiro, {Brett N} and Shawhan, {Peter S} and Shoemaker, {David H} and Daniel Sigg and Slagmolen, {Bram J J} and B. Smith and Smith, {J. R.} and Borja Sorazu and Staley, {Alexa N} and Strain, {Kenneth A} and Tanner, {David B} and R. Taylor and M. Thomas and P. Thomas and Thorne, {Keith A} and E. Thrane and Torrie, {Calum I} and Gary Traylor and Gabriele Vajente and Guillermo Valdes and {van Veggel}, {Anna-Maria A} and Alberto Vecchio and Veitch, {P. J.} and Venkateswara, {Krishna Yethadka} and T. Vo and Cheryl Vorvick and M. Walker and Ward, {R. L.} and J. Warner and B Weaver and R. Weiss and P. We{\ss}els and Benno Willke and Wipf, {Christopher C} and John Worden and G. Wu and H Yamamoto and Yancey, {Cregg C} and Hang Yu and Haocun Yu and L. Zhang and Zucker, {Michael E} and John Zweizig and {LSC Instrument Authors}",
year = "2017",
month = "4",
day = "11",
doi = "10.1103/PhysRevLett.118.151102",
language = "English",
volume = "118",
journal = "Physical Review Letters",
issn = "0031-9007",
publisher = "APS",
number = "15",

}

First Demonstration of Electrostatic Damping of Parametric Instability at Advanced LIGO. / LSC Instrument Authors.

In: Physical Review Letters, Vol. 118, No. 15, 151102, 11.04.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - First Demonstration of Electrostatic Damping of Parametric Instability at Advanced LIGO

AU - Blair, Carl

AU - Gras, Slawek

AU - Abbott, Richard

AU - Aston, Stuart Mark

AU - Betzwieser, Joseph C

AU - Blair, David

AU - DeRosa, Ryan T

AU - Evans, Matthew

AU - Frolov, Valera

AU - Fritschel, Peter K

AU - Grote, Hartmut

AU - Hardwick, Terra

AU - Liu, Jian

AU - Lormand, Marc Doug

AU - Miller, John

AU - Mullavey, Adam

AU - O'Reilly, Brian

AU - Zhao, Chunnong

AU - Abbott, B. P.

AU - Abbott, T. D.

AU - Adams, C.

AU - Adhikari, Rana X

AU - Anderson, S. B.

AU - Ananyeva, A.

AU - Appert, S.

AU - Arai, Koji

AU - Ballmer, Stefan W

AU - Barker, D.

AU - Barr, B

AU - Barsotti, Lisa

AU - Bartlett, J.

AU - Bartos, Imre

AU - Batch, J. C.

AU - Bell, A. S.

AU - Billingsley, GariLynn

AU - Birch, J.

AU - Biscans, Sebastien

AU - Biwer, Christoph M

AU - Bork, Rolf

AU - Brooks, Aidan F

AU - Ciani, Giacomo

AU - Clara, Filiberto

AU - Countryman, Stefan Trklja

AU - Cowart, M. J.

AU - Coyne, Dennis C

AU - Cumming, A.

AU - Cunningham, L.

AU - Danzmann, K

AU - Da Silva Costa, C. F.

AU - Daw, Edward J

AU - DeBra, Daniel B

AU - DeSalvo, Riccardo

AU - Dooley, Katherine L

AU - Doravari, Suresh

AU - Driggers, J. C.

AU - Dwyer, S. E.

AU - Effler, Anamaria

AU - Etzel, Todd

AU - Evans, T. M.

AU - Factourovich, Maxim

AU - Fair, H.

AU - Fernández Galiana, A.

AU - Fisher, R. P.

AU - Fulda, Paul

AU - Fyffe, Michael

AU - Giaime, Joseph A

AU - Giardina, K Dwayne

AU - Goetz, Evan

AU - Goetz, Ryan

AU - Gray, C.

AU - Gushwa, Kaitlin E

AU - Gustafson, Eric K

AU - Gustafson, Kirk R

AU - Hall, E. D.

AU - Hammond, Ian G

AU - Hanks, Jonathan

AU - Hanson, J

AU - Harry, Gregg M

AU - Heintze, M. C.

AU - Heptonstall, Alastair W

AU - Hough, J.

AU - Izumi, Kiwamu

AU - Jones, R.

AU - Kandhasamy, Shivaraj

AU - Karki, S.

AU - Kasprzack, Marie

AU - Kaufer, Steffen

AU - Kawabe, Keita

AU - Kijbunchoo, N.

AU - King, E. J.

AU - King, P. J.

AU - Kissel, J. S.

AU - Korth, William Zach

AU - Kuehn, Gerrit

AU - Landry, Marc

AU - Lantz, Brian

AU - Lockerbie, N. A.

AU - Lundgren, Andrew P

AU - MacInnis, Myron E

AU - Macleod, D. M.

AU - Márka, S.

AU - Márka, Z.

AU - Markosyan, A S

AU - Maros, Edward

AU - Martin, I. W.

AU - Martynov, Denis V

AU - Mason, K.

AU - Massinger, Thomas James

AU - Matichard, Fabrice

AU - Mavalvala, Nergis

AU - McCarthy, Damien R

AU - McClelland, David E

AU - McCormick, S.

AU - McIntyre, Gary

AU - McIver, J.

AU - Mendell, Gregory

AU - Merilh, E. L.

AU - Meyers, P. M.

AU - Mittleman, Richard

AU - Moreno, Gerardo

AU - Mueller, Gunnar

AU - Munch, J

AU - Nuttall, Laura K

AU - Oberling, J.

AU - Oppermann, Patrick

AU - Oram, Richard J

AU - Ottaway, D J

AU - Overmier, Harry

AU - Palamos, J. R.

AU - Paris, Hugo Romain Aurelien

AU - Parker, W.

AU - Pele, Arnaud

AU - Penn, S.

AU - Phelps, M.

AU - Pierro, Vincenzo

AU - Pinto, Antonello I

AU - Principe, M.

AU - Prokhorov, L. G.

AU - Puncken, Oliver

AU - Quetschke, Volker

AU - Quintero, Eric Antonio

AU - Raab, F. J.

AU - Radkins, Hugh

AU - Raffai, Peter

AU - Reid, S.

AU - Reitze, D H

AU - Robertson, N. A.

AU - Rollins, Jameson Graef

AU - Roma, V. J.

AU - Romie, Janeen Hazel

AU - Rowan, Kingsley S

AU - Ryan, K.

AU - Sadecki, T.

AU - Sanchez, E. J.

AU - Sandberg, Vernon D

AU - Savage, R. L.

AU - Schofield, Robert M S

AU - Sellers, Danny

AU - Shaddock, Daniel A

AU - Shaffer, T. J.

AU - Shapiro, Brett N

AU - Shawhan, Peter S

AU - Shoemaker, David H

AU - Sigg, Daniel

AU - Slagmolen, Bram J J

AU - Smith, B.

AU - Smith, J. R.

AU - Sorazu, Borja

AU - Staley, Alexa N

AU - Strain, Kenneth A

AU - Tanner, David B

AU - Taylor, R.

AU - Thomas, M.

AU - Thomas, P.

AU - Thorne, Keith A

AU - Thrane, E.

AU - Torrie, Calum I

AU - Traylor, Gary

AU - Vajente, Gabriele

AU - Valdes, Guillermo

AU - van Veggel, Anna-Maria A

AU - Vecchio, Alberto

AU - Veitch, P. J.

AU - Venkateswara, Krishna Yethadka

AU - Vo, T.

AU - Vorvick, Cheryl

AU - Walker, M.

AU - Ward, R. L.

AU - Warner, J.

AU - Weaver, B

AU - Weiss, R.

AU - Weßels, P.

AU - Willke, Benno

AU - Wipf, Christopher C

AU - Worden, John

AU - Wu, G.

AU - Yamamoto, H

AU - Yancey, Cregg C

AU - Yu, Hang

AU - Yu, Haocun

AU - Zhang, L.

AU - Zucker, Michael E

AU - Zweizig, John

AU - LSC Instrument Authors

PY - 2017/4/11

Y1 - 2017/4/11

N2 - Interferometric gravitational wave detectors operate with high optical power in their arms in order to achieve high shot-noise limited strain sensitivity. A significant limitation to increasing the optical power is the phenomenon of three-mode parametric instabilities, in which the laser field in the arm cavities is scattered into higher-order optical modes by acoustic modes of the cavity mirrors. The optical modes can further drive the acoustic modes via radiation pressure, potentially producing an exponential buildup. One proposed technique to stabilize parametric instability is active damping of acoustic modes. We report here the first demonstration of damping a parametrically unstable mode using active feedback forces on the cavity mirror. A 15 538 Hz mode that grew exponentially with a time constant of 182 sec was damped using electrostatic actuation, with a resulting decay time constant of 23 sec. An average control force of 0.03 nN was required to maintain the acoustic mode at its minimum amplitude.

AB - Interferometric gravitational wave detectors operate with high optical power in their arms in order to achieve high shot-noise limited strain sensitivity. A significant limitation to increasing the optical power is the phenomenon of three-mode parametric instabilities, in which the laser field in the arm cavities is scattered into higher-order optical modes by acoustic modes of the cavity mirrors. The optical modes can further drive the acoustic modes via radiation pressure, potentially producing an exponential buildup. One proposed technique to stabilize parametric instability is active damping of acoustic modes. We report here the first demonstration of damping a parametrically unstable mode using active feedback forces on the cavity mirror. A 15 538 Hz mode that grew exponentially with a time constant of 182 sec was damped using electrostatic actuation, with a resulting decay time constant of 23 sec. An average control force of 0.03 nN was required to maintain the acoustic mode at its minimum amplitude.

KW - Interferometric gravitational

KW - Gravitational waves

KW - Detectors

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85017409392&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevLett.118.151102

DO - 10.1103/PhysRevLett.118.151102

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85017409392

VL - 118

JO - Physical Review Letters

JF - Physical Review Letters

SN - 0031-9007

IS - 15

M1 - 151102

ER -