Finite-volume schemes for noncoercive elliptic problems with Neumann boundary conditions

Claire Chainais-Hillairet, Jerome Droniou

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32 Citations (Scopus)


We consider a convective-diffusive elliptic problem with Neumann boundary conditions. The presence of the convective term results in noncoercivity of the continuous equation and, because of the boundary conditions, the equation has a nontrivial kernel. We discretize this equation with finite-volume techniques and in a general framework that allows us to consider several treatments of the convective term, namely, via a centred scheme, an upwind scheme (widely used in fluid mechanics problems) or a Scharfetter-Gummel scheme (common to semiconductor literature). We prove that these schemes satisfy the same properties as the continuous problem (one-dimensional kernel spanned by a positive function, for instance) and that their kernel and solution converge to the kernel and solution of the partial differential equation. We also present several numerical implementations, studying the effects of the choice of one scheme or the other in the approximation of the solution or the kernel.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)61 - 85
Number of pages25
JournalIMA Journal of Numerical Analysis
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2011
Externally publishedYes

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