Finding the balance: European military power in early modern Asia

Adam John Clulow

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review


This article assesses recent developments in the debate over European military superiority in early modern Asia. It does so by focusing on Tonio Andrade s groundbreaking 2011 study, Lost Colony: The Untold Story of China s First Great Victory over the West, which stakes out a valuable middle ground between two clashing positions by suggesting that while Europeans did possess a genuine technological advantage it was not nearly as expansive as is sometimes assumed by supporters of the military revolution thesis. The goal of this article is to summarize Andrade s findings and to consider whether his limited advantage template can be applied to East Asia s second great military power, Tokugawa Japan.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)148 - 157
Number of pages10
JournalHistory Compass
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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