Financial choice and international trade

Ilhyun Cho, Silvio Contessi, Katheryn N. Russ, Diego Valderrama

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Motivated by existing and new stylized facts, we join the new trade theory with a model of choice between bank and bond financing to show the differential effects of financial policy on the distribution of firm size, gains from trade, and the real exchange rate in a small open economy. Increasing bank efficiency and reducing bond transaction costs have opposite effects on the extensive margin of trade, aggregate exports, and the real exchange rate. Increasing access to export markets generates a financial switching channel for gains from trade, allowing firms to overcome high fixed costs of bond issuance to secure a lower marginal cost of capital.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)297-319
Number of pages23
JournalJournal of Economic Behavior and Organization
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2019


  • Corporate debt
  • Financial choice
  • Financial development
  • Heterogeneous firms
  • Margins of trade
  • Trade liberalization

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