Filamin repeat segments required for photosensory signalling in Dictyostelium discoideum

Sarah Annesley, Esther Bandala-Sanchez, Afsar Ahmed, Paul Fisher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Filamin is an actin binding protein which is ubiquitous in eukaryotes and its basic structure is well conserved - an N-terminal actin binding domain followed by a series of repeated segments which vary in number in different organisms. D. discoideum is a well established model organism for the study of signalling pathways and the actin cytoskeleton and as such makes an excellent organism in which to study filamin. Ddfilamin plays a putative role as a scaffolding protein in a photosensory signalling pathway and this role is thought to be mediated by the unusual repeat segments in the rod domain. RESULTS: To study the role of filamin in phototaxis, a filamin null mutant, HG1264, was transformed with constructs each of which expressed wild type filamin or a mutant filamin with a deletion of one of the repeat segments. Transformants expressing the full length filamin to wild type levels completely rescued the phototaxis defect in HG1264, however if filamin was expressed at lower than wild type levels the phototaxis defect was not restored. The transformants lacking any one of the repeat segments 2-6 retained defective phototaxis and thermotaxis phenotypes, whereas transformants expressing filaminDelta1 exhibited a range of partial complementation of the phototaxis phenotype which was related to expression levels. Immunofluorescence microscopy showed that filamin lacking any of the repeat segments still localised to the same actin rich areas as wild type filamin. Ddfilamin interacts with RasD and IP experiments demonstrated that this interaction did not rely upon any single repeat segment or the actin binding domain. CONCLUSION: This paper demonstrates that wild type levels of filamin expression are essential for the formation of functional photosensory signalling complexes and that each of the repeat segments 2-6 are essential for filamins role in phototaxis. By contrast, repeat segment 1 is not essential provided the mutated filamin lacking repeat segment 1 is expressed at a high enough level. The defects in photo/thermosensory signal transduction caused by the absence of the repeats are due neither to mislocalisation of filamin nor to the loss of RasD recruitment to the previously described photosensory signalling complex.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1 - 13
Number of pages13
JournalBMC Cell Biology
Volume8
Issue number48
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007
Externally publishedYes

Cite this

Annesley, Sarah ; Bandala-Sanchez, Esther ; Ahmed, Afsar ; Fisher, Paul. / Filamin repeat segments required for photosensory signalling in Dictyostelium discoideum. In: BMC Cell Biology. 2007 ; Vol. 8, No. 48. pp. 1 - 13.
@article{e02b6f55c91d4391ab4a9f0b2a751e00,
title = "Filamin repeat segments required for photosensory signalling in Dictyostelium discoideum",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: Filamin is an actin binding protein which is ubiquitous in eukaryotes and its basic structure is well conserved - an N-terminal actin binding domain followed by a series of repeated segments which vary in number in different organisms. D. discoideum is a well established model organism for the study of signalling pathways and the actin cytoskeleton and as such makes an excellent organism in which to study filamin. Ddfilamin plays a putative role as a scaffolding protein in a photosensory signalling pathway and this role is thought to be mediated by the unusual repeat segments in the rod domain. RESULTS: To study the role of filamin in phototaxis, a filamin null mutant, HG1264, was transformed with constructs each of which expressed wild type filamin or a mutant filamin with a deletion of one of the repeat segments. Transformants expressing the full length filamin to wild type levels completely rescued the phototaxis defect in HG1264, however if filamin was expressed at lower than wild type levels the phototaxis defect was not restored. The transformants lacking any one of the repeat segments 2-6 retained defective phototaxis and thermotaxis phenotypes, whereas transformants expressing filaminDelta1 exhibited a range of partial complementation of the phototaxis phenotype which was related to expression levels. Immunofluorescence microscopy showed that filamin lacking any of the repeat segments still localised to the same actin rich areas as wild type filamin. Ddfilamin interacts with RasD and IP experiments demonstrated that this interaction did not rely upon any single repeat segment or the actin binding domain. CONCLUSION: This paper demonstrates that wild type levels of filamin expression are essential for the formation of functional photosensory signalling complexes and that each of the repeat segments 2-6 are essential for filamins role in phototaxis. By contrast, repeat segment 1 is not essential provided the mutated filamin lacking repeat segment 1 is expressed at a high enough level. The defects in photo/thermosensory signal transduction caused by the absence of the repeats are due neither to mislocalisation of filamin nor to the loss of RasD recruitment to the previously described photosensory signalling complex.",
author = "Sarah Annesley and Esther Bandala-Sanchez and Afsar Ahmed and Paul Fisher",
year = "2007",
doi = "10.1186/1471-2121-8-48",
language = "English",
volume = "8",
pages = "1 -- 13",
journal = "BMC Cell Biology",
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Filamin repeat segments required for photosensory signalling in Dictyostelium discoideum. / Annesley, Sarah; Bandala-Sanchez, Esther; Ahmed, Afsar; Fisher, Paul.

In: BMC Cell Biology, Vol. 8, No. 48, 2007, p. 1 - 13.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Filamin repeat segments required for photosensory signalling in Dictyostelium discoideum

AU - Annesley, Sarah

AU - Bandala-Sanchez, Esther

AU - Ahmed, Afsar

AU - Fisher, Paul

PY - 2007

Y1 - 2007

N2 - BACKGROUND: Filamin is an actin binding protein which is ubiquitous in eukaryotes and its basic structure is well conserved - an N-terminal actin binding domain followed by a series of repeated segments which vary in number in different organisms. D. discoideum is a well established model organism for the study of signalling pathways and the actin cytoskeleton and as such makes an excellent organism in which to study filamin. Ddfilamin plays a putative role as a scaffolding protein in a photosensory signalling pathway and this role is thought to be mediated by the unusual repeat segments in the rod domain. RESULTS: To study the role of filamin in phototaxis, a filamin null mutant, HG1264, was transformed with constructs each of which expressed wild type filamin or a mutant filamin with a deletion of one of the repeat segments. Transformants expressing the full length filamin to wild type levels completely rescued the phototaxis defect in HG1264, however if filamin was expressed at lower than wild type levels the phototaxis defect was not restored. The transformants lacking any one of the repeat segments 2-6 retained defective phototaxis and thermotaxis phenotypes, whereas transformants expressing filaminDelta1 exhibited a range of partial complementation of the phototaxis phenotype which was related to expression levels. Immunofluorescence microscopy showed that filamin lacking any of the repeat segments still localised to the same actin rich areas as wild type filamin. Ddfilamin interacts with RasD and IP experiments demonstrated that this interaction did not rely upon any single repeat segment or the actin binding domain. CONCLUSION: This paper demonstrates that wild type levels of filamin expression are essential for the formation of functional photosensory signalling complexes and that each of the repeat segments 2-6 are essential for filamins role in phototaxis. By contrast, repeat segment 1 is not essential provided the mutated filamin lacking repeat segment 1 is expressed at a high enough level. The defects in photo/thermosensory signal transduction caused by the absence of the repeats are due neither to mislocalisation of filamin nor to the loss of RasD recruitment to the previously described photosensory signalling complex.

AB - BACKGROUND: Filamin is an actin binding protein which is ubiquitous in eukaryotes and its basic structure is well conserved - an N-terminal actin binding domain followed by a series of repeated segments which vary in number in different organisms. D. discoideum is a well established model organism for the study of signalling pathways and the actin cytoskeleton and as such makes an excellent organism in which to study filamin. Ddfilamin plays a putative role as a scaffolding protein in a photosensory signalling pathway and this role is thought to be mediated by the unusual repeat segments in the rod domain. RESULTS: To study the role of filamin in phototaxis, a filamin null mutant, HG1264, was transformed with constructs each of which expressed wild type filamin or a mutant filamin with a deletion of one of the repeat segments. Transformants expressing the full length filamin to wild type levels completely rescued the phototaxis defect in HG1264, however if filamin was expressed at lower than wild type levels the phototaxis defect was not restored. The transformants lacking any one of the repeat segments 2-6 retained defective phototaxis and thermotaxis phenotypes, whereas transformants expressing filaminDelta1 exhibited a range of partial complementation of the phototaxis phenotype which was related to expression levels. Immunofluorescence microscopy showed that filamin lacking any of the repeat segments still localised to the same actin rich areas as wild type filamin. Ddfilamin interacts with RasD and IP experiments demonstrated that this interaction did not rely upon any single repeat segment or the actin binding domain. CONCLUSION: This paper demonstrates that wild type levels of filamin expression are essential for the formation of functional photosensory signalling complexes and that each of the repeat segments 2-6 are essential for filamins role in phototaxis. By contrast, repeat segment 1 is not essential provided the mutated filamin lacking repeat segment 1 is expressed at a high enough level. The defects in photo/thermosensory signal transduction caused by the absence of the repeats are due neither to mislocalisation of filamin nor to the loss of RasD recruitment to the previously described photosensory signalling complex.

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