Fiber spinning of very dilute solutions of polyacrylamide in water

R. C. Chan, R. K. Gupta, T. Sridhar

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Abstract

The extensional viscometer developed earlier by the authors was refined and used to extend very dilute (50 ppm) solutions of polyacrylamide in distilled water. A slender liquid filament was stretched by the use of a suction device, and this resulted in the spinning of the fiber. By varying the volumetric flow rate and the filament length, stretch rates in the 100-1000 s-1 range were easily obtained. The corresponding tensile stresses were very large, and these gave apparent extensional viscosities of the order of 200 P (20 Pa s). In contrast to this, the material functions in shear were difficult to measure, except for the shear viscosity which showed pronounced shear thinning. It was found that all the measurements, in shear as well as extension, could be explained based on the four constant Johnson-Segalman constitutive equation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)267-283
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Non-Newtonian Fluid Mechanics
Volume30
Issue number2-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1988

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