Fermionization transform for certain higher-dimensional quantum spin models

Victor Galitski

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6 Citations (Scopus)


Proposed is a generalization of Jordan-Wigner transform that allows to exactly fermionize a large family of quantum spin Hamiltonians in dimensions higher than one. The key steps are to enlarge the Hilbert space of the original model by adding to it a collection of stand-alone free spins and to use a combination of these auxiliary operators and the lattice spins to construct a proper fermion representation of the physical Hamiltonian. The transform is especially useful for lattice spin Hamiltonians, where two-spin interactions of XY type are either absent or exist only within one-dimensional chains and where the chains are coupled via two-spin interactions of Ising type, ring-exchange terms, or more general multispin interactions that involve an even number of spin operators from each chain. Using the proposed fermionization method we provide a simple argument suggesting that a spin Hamiltonian closely related to the ring-exchange model proposed by Paramekanti, [Phys. Rev. B 66, 054526 (2002)]10.1103/PhysRevB.66.054526 indeed realizes a spin-liquid state.
Original languageEnglish
JournalPhysical Review B
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 27 Aug 2010

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