Fear of nosocomial HIV infection may be a barrier to HIV testing among young college and university students in Suzhou, China

Wanqi Wang, Xiao Shi, Yifan Jiang, Hanrui Zhao, Jason J. Ong, Dan Wu, Joseph D. Tucker, Fern Terris-Prestholt, Stephen W. Pan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Objective: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) test uptake among college and university students in China remains suboptimal. This study aimed to identify and weigh the relative importance of HIV testing preferences among university students in China. Participants and methods: Qualitative interviews and discrete choice experiments (DCE) were used to identify and assess HIV testing preferences in hypothetical HIV testing scenarios. Study participants were sexually experienced university students in Suzhou city, China. Results: 198 participants completed 1980 DCE choice tasks. Risk of nosocomial HIV infection, accuracy, and distance were identified as the most important factors when deciding whether to test for HIV. Risk of nosocomial HIV infection was the most influential factor, accounting for 35.5% of the variation in participants’ DCE stated choices. Conclusions: Fear of HIV nosocomial infection may be influencing HIV test preferences and possibly test uptake among university students in China. Interventions should consider addressing students’ fear of HIV nosocomial infection as a potential barrier to HIV testing.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of American College Health
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 16 Jul 2020

Keywords

  • Asia
  • health seeking behavior
  • iatrogenic
  • loss aversion
  • stated choice

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