The neutrophil antigen (NA)1 and 2 is coded by two recognized allelic forms of Fc gamma receptor IIIB (FcγRIIIB). FcγRIIIb is a low affinity receptor and preferentially removes immune complexes from the circulation. Systemis lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune and polygenic disorder characterized by accumulation of autoimmune complexes. The majority of SLE patients in our medical center are of Chinese ethnicity, followed by Malay and Indian. Recently, studies have focussed on the Fc receptors in different ethnic groups and their relation to SLE. We chose to study the gene distribution of this receptor in the Chinese and Malays population in Malaysia. We designed a polymerase chain reaction-allele specific primers (PCR-ASP) method to distinguish the two allelic forms. Genomic DNA was isolated from the peripheral blood of 183 Chinese and 55 Malays SLE patients as well as 100 Chinese and 50 Malays healthy controls. Genotyping of Chinese SLE patients revealed that the gene frequencies for FcγRIIIB-NA1 and FcγRIIIB-NA2 were 0.648 and 0.347, while in the ethnically matched healthy controls they were 0.68 and 0.32, respectively. One out of the 183 Chinese SLE patients was identified as a NA-null due to the absence of PCR product for both alleles. The FcγRIIIB-NA1 and FcγRIIIB-NA2 allele frequencies for both the Malays SLE and healthy controls were 0.62 and 0.38.
- Fc gamma receptor IIIB (FcγRIIIB)
- Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)