Fatal and serious injury rates for different travel modes in Victoria, Australia

Mohammad Nabil Ibrahim, David B. Logan, Sjaan Koppel, Brian Fildes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


While absolute injury numbers are widely used as a road safety indicator, they do not fully account for the likelihood of an injury given a certain level of exposure. Adjusting crash and injury rates for travel exposure can measure the magnitude of travel activity leading to crash outcomes and provide a more comprehensive indicator of safety. Fatal and serious injury (FSI) numbers were adjusted by three measures of travel exposure to estimate crash and injury rates across nine travel modes in the Australian state of Victoria. While car drivers accounted for the highest number of injuries across the three modes, their likelihood of being killed or seriously injured was substan-tially lower than that of motorcyclists across all exposure measures. Cyclists accounted for fewer injuries than car passengers and pedestrians but had a higher risk per exposure. The results varied by both injury severity and exposure measure. The results of this study will assist with high level transport planning by allowing for the investigation of the changes in travel-related FSI resulting from proposed travel mode shifts driven by safety, environmental reasons or other reasons as part of the holistic goal of transforming the transport system to full compliance with Safe System princi-ples.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1924
Number of pages13
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2022


  • Crashes
  • Exposure
  • Fatalities
  • Modal shift
  • Road safety
  • Safe System
  • Serious injury
  • Travel behaviour
  • Vulnerable road users

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