Fast track, dynein-dependent nuclear targeting of human immunodeficiency virus Vpr protein: Impaired trafficking in a clinical isolate

Leon Caly, Vicky T. Kassouf, Gregory W. Moseley, Russell J. Diefenbach, Anthony L. Cunningham, David A. Jans

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


Nuclear import of the accessory protein Vpr is central to infection by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). We previously identified the Vpr F72L mutation in a HIV-infected, long-term non-progressor, showing that it resulted in reduced Vpr nuclear accumulation and altered cytoplasmic localisation. Here we demonstrate for the first time that the effects of nuclear accumulation of the F72L mutation are due to impairment of microtubule-dependent-enhancement of Vpr nuclear import. We use high resolution imaging approaches including fluorescence recovery after photobleaching and other approaches to document interaction between Vpr and the dynein light chain protein, DYNLT1, and impaired interaction of the F72L mutant with DYNLT1. The results implicate MTs/DYNLT1 as drivers of Vpr nuclear import and HIV infection, with important therapeutic implications.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)735-740
Number of pages6
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 11 Jan 2016


  • viral protein R
  • Vpr
  • dynein
  • DYNLT1
  • nuclear import
  • microtubule

Cite this