Projects per year
Biological fluoride ion channels are sub-1-nanometer protein pores with ultrahigh F− conductivity and selectivity over other halogen ions. Developing synthetic F− channels with biological-level selectivity is highly desirable for ion separations such as water defluoridation, but it remains a great challenge. Here we report synthetic F− channels fabricated from zirconium-based metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), UiO-66-X (X = H, NH2, and N+(CH3)3). These MOFs are comprised of nanometer-sized cavities connected by sub-1-nanometer-sized windows and have specific F− binding sites along the channels, sharing some features of biological F− channels. UiO-66-X channels consistently show ultrahigh F− conductivity up to ~10 S m−1, and ultrahigh F−/Cl− selectivity, from ~13 to ~240. Molecular dynamics simulations reveal that the ultrahigh F− conductivity and selectivity can be ascribed mainly to the high F− concentration in the UiO-66 channels, arising from specific interactions between F− ions and F− binding sites in the MOF channels.
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Yu, A., Zhao, D., Rudman, M., Jiang, X., Selomulya, C., Zou, R., Yan, W., Zhou, Z., Guo, B., Shen, Y., Kuang, S., Chu, K., Yang, R., Zhu, H., Zeng, Q., Dong, K., Strezov, V., Wang, G., Zhao, B., Song, S., Evans, T. J., Mao, X., Zhu, J., Hu, D., Pan, R., Li, J., Williams, S. R. O., Luding, S., Liu, Q., Zhang, J., Huang, H., Jiang, Y., Qiu, T., Hapgood, K. & Chen, W.
Australian Research Council (ARC), Jiangxi University of Science and Technology, Jiangsu Industrial Technology Research Institute, Fujian Longking Co Ltd, Baosteel Group Corporation, Hamersley Iron Pty Limited, Monash University, University of New South Wales (UNSW), University of Queensland , Western Sydney University, Macquarie University
31/12/16 → 30/12/21