Fasciola hepatica: Comparative studies on fascioliasis in rats and mice

C. B. Chapman, G. F. Mitchell

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Abstract

Chapman C. B. and Mitchell G. F. 1982. Fasciola hepatica: comparative studies on fascioliasis in rats and mice. International Journal for Parasitology 12: 81-91. Certain characteristics of infection differ between rats and mice exposed to metacercariae of the trematode parasite, Fasciola hepatica. Rats develop a degree of age-related resistance (and infected older females contain fewer parasites than older males), resistance to reinfection in infected rats is demonstrated readily though is partial, and a comparable degree of resistance can be obtained in recipients of infected rat serum provided the serum is given at about the time of challenge. None of these features of F. hepatica infection is seen in mice. Rats also differ from mice in that they can be vaccinated against infection (although again, resistance is incomplete) using larval antigen mixtures in adjuvants. Mice do respond to infection by production of antilarval antibodies and a slight IgG1 hypergammaglobulinaemia and larvae will sensitize mice for delayed hypersensitivity. The results of this study indicate that sera from infected rats versus infected mice will be useful in pinpointing antigens of F. hepatica larvae which are involved in expression of partial host protection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)81-91
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal for Parasitology
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1982
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • antibody responses
  • Fasciola hepatica
  • mice
  • rats
  • resistance to infection

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