Family connectedness, school attachment, peer influence and health-compromising behaviours among young Vietnamese males

Dharma Arunachalam, Diep Quy Vy Nguyen

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7 Citations (Scopus)


Vietnamese males have one of the highest rates of smoking and alcohol consumption in the world. Research on the role of social and family resources in promoting healthy behaviours among Vietnamese youth is very limited. We examine the proposition that family support, attachment to school and peer influence are strongly associated with cigarette use, alcohol consumption and violence among Vietnamese youth. We used data from a nationally representative survey of males aged 14-25 years in 2009 (N = 4705). Three measures of social and family resources and three indicators of health-compromising behaviours were used. Multinomial and logistic regression models were employed to examine the relationships. The regression results showed that a positive and cohesive family environment and attachment to school reduced the odds of smoking, alcohol consumption and violence. However, peer pressure had the opposite effect of increasing the odds. Higher socioeconomic status was associated with lower odds of smoking, but higher odds of alcohol consumption among those at school. Excessive alcohol consumption increased the odds of violence by over three times. We conclude that positive and supportive environments within family, at school and among peers can discourage smoking, alcohol consumption and violence among Vietnamese youth. (c) 2015 Taylor Francis
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)287 - 304
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Youth Studies
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2016


  • alcohol consumption
  • cigarette use
  • Family support
  • peer influence
  • school attachment
  • Vietnam
  • violence
  • youth

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