Failure of conjugated linoleic acid supplementation to enhance biosynthesis of docosahexaenoic acid from α-linolenic acid in healthy human volunteers

N. M. Attar-Bashi, R. S. Weisinger, D. P. Begg, D. Li, A. J. Sinclair

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A rate-limiting step in docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) formation from α-linolenic acid (ALA) involves peroxisomal oxidation of 24:6n-3 to DHA. The aim of the study was to determine whether conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) would enhance conversion of ALA to DHA in humans on an ALA-supplemented diet. The subjects (n=8 per group) received daily supplementation of ALA (11 g) and either CLA (3.2 g) or placebo for 8 weeks. At baseline, 4 and 8 weeks, blood was collected for plasma fatty acid analysis and a number of physiological measures were examined. The ALA-supplemented diet increased plasma levels of ALA and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA). The addition of CLA to the ALA diet resulted in increased plasma levels of CLA, as well as ALA and EPA. Plasma level of DHA was not increased with either the ALA alone or ALA plus CLA supplementation. The results demonstrated that CLA was not effective in enhancing DHA levels in plasma in healthy volunteers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)121-130
Number of pages10
JournalProstaglandins Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids
Volume76
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2007
Externally publishedYes

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