Factors Related to Self-Care in Heart Failure Patients According to the Middle-Range Theory of Self-Care of Chronic Illness: a Literature Update

Tiny Jaarsma, Jan Cameron, Barbara Riegel, Anna Stromberg

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleOtherpeer-review

60 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose of the Review: As described in the theory of self-care in chronic illness, there is a wide range of factors that can influence self-care behavior. The purpose of this paper is to summarize the recent heart failure literature on these related factors in order to provide an overview on which factors might be suitable to be considered to make self-care interventions more successful. Recent Findings: Recent studies in heart failure patients confirm that factors described in the theory of self-care of chronic illness are relevant for heart failure patients. Summary: Experiences and skills, motivation, habits, cultural beliefs and values, functional and cognitive abilities, confidence, and support and access to care are all important to consider when developing or improving interventions for patients with heart failure and their families. Additional personal and contextual factors that might influence self-care need to be explored and included in future studies and theory development efforts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)71-77
Number of pages7
JournalCurrent Heart Failure Reports
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2017


  • Heart failure
  • Self-care
  • Self-care maintenance
  • Self-care management
  • Self-care monitoring

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