Factors involved in leukaemogenesis and haemopoiesis

A. G. Elefanty, L. Robb, C. G. Begley

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleResearchpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


This review describes the chromosomal abnormalities in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) which result in the over-expression of the gene SCL, which encodes a helix-loop-helix transcription factor. Also described are how gene targeting studies have revealed a key role for SCL in normal haemopoiesis. Next, the BCR-ABL fusion protein, seen in chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML) and in some patients with ALL, is discussed. Finally, the involvement of members of the core-binding factor (CBF) gene family in leukaemogenesis are described. Members of this gene family are involved in the generation of fusion proteins as a result of t(8;21) and inv(16), the most common translocations associated with acute myeloid leukaemia (AML). They provide a useful model of the way in which aberrant transcriptional function, brought about through genetic alterations, can modify haemopoietic development.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)589-614
Number of pages26
JournalBailliere's Clinical Haematology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1997
Externally publishedYes


  • CBF
  • SCL (TAL-1)
  • Translocation leukaemia

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