Factors influencing technology use among low-income older adults: a systematic review

Diana Yian Lian Chan, Shaun Wen Huey Lee, Pei-Lee Teh

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleResearchpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

As the world's aging population increases, leveraging technology to support aging is proving advantageous. Notably, technology adoption studies among older adults have received increasing scholarly attention, but findings from these studies do not reflect the context of low-income older adults. Studies focusing on low-income older adults were relatively few and it remains unclear which factors influence this group's technology use. This systematic review aims to synthesize findings on factors influencing technology use among low-income older adults to provide directions and opportunities for future research in information systems. Observing the literature through the lens of Social Cognitive Theory, we identified avenues for future research and further integrated the framework with Maslow's hierarchy of needs to elucidate the phenomenon. Findings from this systematic review suggest that both personal and environmental factors, such as cognitions, affects, sociodemographic characteristics, technological and social environment are significant predictors of technology use among low-income older adults. Specifically, factors related to accessibility and affordability, such as income, perceived cost, and accessibility to technology are salient in a resource-limited setting. More importantly, the technology usage behavior elucidate the embeddedness of fundamental human needs which plays a central role underlying technology use among this segment. However, more research is needed to understand the interaction between person, environment and behavior determinant shaping technology use among low-income older adults from diverse economic and cultural setting. This study also sheds light on disciplinary gaps and the lack of investigations anchored on theoretical foundations, and suggests avenues for future research and implications for practice.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere20111
Number of pages35
JournalHeliyon
Volume9
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2023

Keywords

  • Low-income older adults
  • Maslow's hierarchy of needs
  • Social cognitive theory
  • Systematic literature review
  • Technology use/ adoption

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