Factors Influencing Implementation, Sustainability and Scalability of Healthy Food Retail Interventions: A Systematic Review of Reviews

Adyya Gupta, Laura Alston, Cindy Needham, Ella Robinson, Josephine Marshall, Tara Boelsen-Robinson, Miranda R. Blake, Catherine E. Huggins, Anna Peeters

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleResearchpeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)


The aim of this systematic review of reviews was to synthesise the evidence on factors influencing the implementation, sustainability and scalability of food retail interventions to improve the healthiness of food purchased by consumers. A search strategy to identify reviews published up until June 2020 was applied to four databases. The Risk of Bias in Systematic Review tool was used. Review findings were synthesised narratively using the socio-ecological model. A total of 25 reviews met the inclusion criteria. A number of factors influenced implementation; these included retailers’ and consumers’ knowledge and preferences regarding healthy food; establishing trust and relationships; perceived consumer demand for healthy food; profitability; store infrastructure; organizational support, including resources; and enabling policies that promote health. Few reviews reported on factors influencing sustainability or scalability of the interventions. While there is a large and rapidly growing body of evidence on factors influencing implementation of interventions, more work is needed to identify factors associated with their sustainability and scalability. These findings can be used to develop implementation strategies that consider the multiple levels of influence (individual, intrapersonal and environmental) to better support implementation of healthy food retail interventions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number294
Number of pages18
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jan 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • Choice architecture
  • Food environment
  • Healthy retail
  • Marketing mix

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