Fabrication, properties and applicationsof plasmene nanosheet

Qianqian Shi, Dashen Dong, Kae Jye Si, Wenlong Cheng

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (Book)Researchpeer-review


Plasmene nanosheets are free standing, one-particle thick superlattices from the self-assembly of plasmonic nanoparticles. Such nanosheets are a new class of two-dimensional (2D) nanomaterials with unique materials properties that differ from the constituent nanoparticles or corresponding bulk materials. Their optical, mechanical and ion-transporting properties could be tuned by adjusting the sizes and shapes of constituent nanoparticles, and controlling the interparticle spacing during self-assembly process. Here, we first discuss the viable plasmene nanosheet-fabrication approaches including programmable assembly, micro-hole confined assembly, liquid-liquid interfacial assembly and air-water interfacial assembly. Then, we describe the unique plasmonic and mechanical properties of plasmene nanosheets. Such soft nanosheets could further shaped into one-dimensional (1D) nanoribbons and three-dimensional (3D) origami by focused ion beam lithography. Finally, we show how these properties can be utilized for various technical applications including mechanical resonator, surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) substrate, drug identification and anti-counterfeit security label. We believe that plasmene nanosheets represent a “newborn” in the 2D materials family, which may lead to the design of novel metamaterials with unexpected applications.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationReviews in Plasmonics 2016
EditorsChris D. Geddes
Place of PublicationCham Switzerland
Number of pages28
ISBN (Electronic)9783319480817
ISBN (Print)9783319480800
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Publication series

NameReviews in Plasmonics
ISSN (Print)1555-7731
ISSN (Electronic)1555-7677


  • Plasmene nanosheets
  • Plasmonic nanoparticles
  • Nanoparticle super-lattices
  • Two-dimensional nanomaterials
  • Self-assembly

Cite this