Extremely imbalanced two-dimensional electron-hole-photon systems

Antonio Tiene, Jesper Levinsen, Meera Parish, Allan H MacDonald, Jonathan Mark Keeling, Francesca Maria Marchetti

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We investigate the phases of two-dimensional electron-hole systems strongly coupled to a microcavity photon field in the limit of extreme charge imbalance. Using variational wave functions, we examine the competition between different electron-hole paired states for the specific cases of semiconducting III-V single quantum wells, electron-hole bilayers, and transition-metal dichalcogenide monolayers embedded in a planar microcavity. We show how the Fermi sea of excess charges modifies both the electron-hole bound state (exciton) properties and the dielectric constant of the cavity active medium, which in turn affects the photon component of the many-body polariton ground state. On the one hand, long-range Coulomb interactions and Pauli blocking of the Fermi sea promote electron-hole pairing with finite center-of-mass momentum, corresponding to an excitonic roton minimum. On the other hand, the strong coupling to the ultra-low-mass cavity photon mode favors zero-momentum pairs. We discuss the prospect of observing different types of electron-hole pairing in the photon spectrum.
Original languageEnglish
Article number023089
Number of pages16
JournalPhysical Review Research
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 28 Apr 2020

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