Extremely bulky amido-group 14 element chloride complexes: potential synthons for low oxidation state main group chemistry

Jiaye Li, Andreas Stasch, Christian Schenk, Cameron Jones

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The preparation of a series of extremely bulky secondary amines, Ar*N(H)SiR(3) (Ar* = C(6)H(2) C(H)Ph(2) (2)Me-2,6,4; R(3) = Me(3), MePh(2) or Ph(3)) is described. Their deprotonation with either LiBu(n), NaH or KH yields alkali metal amide complexes, several monomeric examples of which, [Li(L) N(SiMe(3))(Ar*) (L = OEt(2) or THF), [Na(THF)(3) N(SiMe(3))(Ar*) and [K(OEt(2)) N(SiPh(3))(Ar*)], have been crystallographically characterised. Reactions of the lithium amides with germanium, tin or lead dichloride have yielded the first structurally characterised two-coordinate, monomeric amido germanium(II) and tin(II) chloride complexes, [ (SiR(3))(Ar*)N ECl] (E = Ge or Sn; R = Me or Ph), and a chloride bridged amido-lead(II) dimer, [ [(SiMe(3))(Ar*) N] Pb(mu-Cl) (2)]. DFT calculations on [ (SiMe(3))(Ar*) N GeCl] show its HOMO to exhibit Ge lone pair character and its LUMO to encompass its Ge based p-orbital. A series of bulky amido silicon(IV) chloride complexes have also been prepared and several examples, [ (SiR(3))(Ar*) N SiCl(3)] (R(3) = Me(3), MePh(2)) and [ (SiMe(3))(Ar*)N SiHCl(2)], were crystallographically characterised. The sterically hindered group 14 complexes reported in this study hold significant potential as precursors for kinetically stabilised low oxidation state and/or low coordination number group 14 complexes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10448 - 10456
Number of pages9
JournalDalton Transactions
Issue number40
Publication statusPublished - 2011

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