Extreme Competence

Keystone Hosts of Infections

Lynn B. Martin, Bri Anne Addison, Andrew G.D. Bean, Katherine L. Buchanan, Ondi L. Crino, Justin R. Eastwood, Andrew S. Flies, Rodrigo Hamede, Geoffrey E. Hill, Marcel Klaassen, Rebecca E. Koch, Johanne M. Martens, Constanza Napolitano, Edward J. Narayan, Lee Peacock, Alison J. Peel, Anne Peters, Nynke Raven, Alice Risely, Michael J. Roast & 6 others Lee A. Rollins, Manuel Ruiz-Aravena, Dan Selechnik, Helena S. Stokes, Beata Ujvari, Laura F. Grogan

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleResearchpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Individual hosts differ extensively in their competence for parasites, but traditional research has discounted this variation, partly because modeling such heterogeneity is difficult. This discounting has diminished as tools have improved and recognition has grown that some hosts, the extremely competent, can have exceptional impacts on disease dynamics. Most prominent among these hosts are the superspreaders, but other forms of extreme competence (EC) exist and others await discovery; each with potentially strong but distinct implications for disease emergence and spread. Here, we propose a framework for the study and discovery of EC, suitable for different host–parasite systems, which we hope enhances our understanding of how parasites circulate and evolve in host communities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)303-314
Number of pages12
JournalTrends in Ecology and Evolution
Volume34
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2019

Keywords

  • disease
  • epidemic
  • infection
  • zoonosis

Cite this

Martin, L. B., Addison, B. A., Bean, A. G. D., Buchanan, K. L., Crino, O. L., Eastwood, J. R., ... Grogan, L. F. (2019). Extreme Competence: Keystone Hosts of Infections. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 34(4), 303-314. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tree.2018.12.009
Martin, Lynn B. ; Addison, Bri Anne ; Bean, Andrew G.D. ; Buchanan, Katherine L. ; Crino, Ondi L. ; Eastwood, Justin R. ; Flies, Andrew S. ; Hamede, Rodrigo ; Hill, Geoffrey E. ; Klaassen, Marcel ; Koch, Rebecca E. ; Martens, Johanne M. ; Napolitano, Constanza ; Narayan, Edward J. ; Peacock, Lee ; Peel, Alison J. ; Peters, Anne ; Raven, Nynke ; Risely, Alice ; Roast, Michael J. ; Rollins, Lee A. ; Ruiz-Aravena, Manuel ; Selechnik, Dan ; Stokes, Helena S. ; Ujvari, Beata ; Grogan, Laura F. / Extreme Competence : Keystone Hosts of Infections. In: Trends in Ecology and Evolution. 2019 ; Vol. 34, No. 4. pp. 303-314.
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title = "Extreme Competence: Keystone Hosts of Infections",
abstract = "Individual hosts differ extensively in their competence for parasites, but traditional research has discounted this variation, partly because modeling such heterogeneity is difficult. This discounting has diminished as tools have improved and recognition has grown that some hosts, the extremely competent, can have exceptional impacts on disease dynamics. Most prominent among these hosts are the superspreaders, but other forms of extreme competence (EC) exist and others await discovery; each with potentially strong but distinct implications for disease emergence and spread. Here, we propose a framework for the study and discovery of EC, suitable for different host–parasite systems, which we hope enhances our understanding of how parasites circulate and evolve in host communities.",
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author = "Martin, {Lynn B.} and Addison, {Bri Anne} and Bean, {Andrew G.D.} and Buchanan, {Katherine L.} and Crino, {Ondi L.} and Eastwood, {Justin R.} and Flies, {Andrew S.} and Rodrigo Hamede and Hill, {Geoffrey E.} and Marcel Klaassen and Koch, {Rebecca E.} and Martens, {Johanne M.} and Constanza Napolitano and Narayan, {Edward J.} and Lee Peacock and Peel, {Alison J.} and Anne Peters and Nynke Raven and Alice Risely and Roast, {Michael J.} and Rollins, {Lee A.} and Manuel Ruiz-Aravena and Dan Selechnik and Stokes, {Helena S.} and Beata Ujvari and Grogan, {Laura F.}",
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Martin, LB, Addison, BA, Bean, AGD, Buchanan, KL, Crino, OL, Eastwood, JR, Flies, AS, Hamede, R, Hill, GE, Klaassen, M, Koch, RE, Martens, JM, Napolitano, C, Narayan, EJ, Peacock, L, Peel, AJ, Peters, A, Raven, N, Risely, A, Roast, MJ, Rollins, LA, Ruiz-Aravena, M, Selechnik, D, Stokes, HS, Ujvari, B & Grogan, LF 2019, 'Extreme Competence: Keystone Hosts of Infections', Trends in Ecology and Evolution, vol. 34, no. 4, pp. 303-314. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tree.2018.12.009

Extreme Competence : Keystone Hosts of Infections. / Martin, Lynn B.; Addison, Bri Anne; Bean, Andrew G.D.; Buchanan, Katherine L.; Crino, Ondi L.; Eastwood, Justin R.; Flies, Andrew S.; Hamede, Rodrigo; Hill, Geoffrey E.; Klaassen, Marcel; Koch, Rebecca E.; Martens, Johanne M.; Napolitano, Constanza; Narayan, Edward J.; Peacock, Lee; Peel, Alison J.; Peters, Anne; Raven, Nynke; Risely, Alice; Roast, Michael J.; Rollins, Lee A.; Ruiz-Aravena, Manuel; Selechnik, Dan; Stokes, Helena S.; Ujvari, Beata; Grogan, Laura F.

In: Trends in Ecology and Evolution, Vol. 34, No. 4, 01.04.2019, p. 303-314.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Extreme Competence

T2 - Keystone Hosts of Infections

AU - Martin, Lynn B.

AU - Addison, Bri Anne

AU - Bean, Andrew G.D.

AU - Buchanan, Katherine L.

AU - Crino, Ondi L.

AU - Eastwood, Justin R.

AU - Flies, Andrew S.

AU - Hamede, Rodrigo

AU - Hill, Geoffrey E.

AU - Klaassen, Marcel

AU - Koch, Rebecca E.

AU - Martens, Johanne M.

AU - Napolitano, Constanza

AU - Narayan, Edward J.

AU - Peacock, Lee

AU - Peel, Alison J.

AU - Peters, Anne

AU - Raven, Nynke

AU - Risely, Alice

AU - Roast, Michael J.

AU - Rollins, Lee A.

AU - Ruiz-Aravena, Manuel

AU - Selechnik, Dan

AU - Stokes, Helena S.

AU - Ujvari, Beata

AU - Grogan, Laura F.

PY - 2019/4/1

Y1 - 2019/4/1

N2 - Individual hosts differ extensively in their competence for parasites, but traditional research has discounted this variation, partly because modeling such heterogeneity is difficult. This discounting has diminished as tools have improved and recognition has grown that some hosts, the extremely competent, can have exceptional impacts on disease dynamics. Most prominent among these hosts are the superspreaders, but other forms of extreme competence (EC) exist and others await discovery; each with potentially strong but distinct implications for disease emergence and spread. Here, we propose a framework for the study and discovery of EC, suitable for different host–parasite systems, which we hope enhances our understanding of how parasites circulate and evolve in host communities.

AB - Individual hosts differ extensively in their competence for parasites, but traditional research has discounted this variation, partly because modeling such heterogeneity is difficult. This discounting has diminished as tools have improved and recognition has grown that some hosts, the extremely competent, can have exceptional impacts on disease dynamics. Most prominent among these hosts are the superspreaders, but other forms of extreme competence (EC) exist and others await discovery; each with potentially strong but distinct implications for disease emergence and spread. Here, we propose a framework for the study and discovery of EC, suitable for different host–parasite systems, which we hope enhances our understanding of how parasites circulate and evolve in host communities.

KW - disease

KW - epidemic

KW - infection

KW - zoonosis

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85062633922&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.tree.2018.12.009

DO - 10.1016/j.tree.2018.12.009

M3 - Review Article

VL - 34

SP - 303

EP - 314

JO - Trends in Ecology and Evolution

JF - Trends in Ecology and Evolution

SN - 0169-5347

IS - 4

ER -

Martin LB, Addison BA, Bean AGD, Buchanan KL, Crino OL, Eastwood JR et al. Extreme Competence: Keystone Hosts of Infections. Trends in Ecology and Evolution. 2019 Apr 1;34(4):303-314. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tree.2018.12.009