Extending the study of continuity and change: Gender differences in the linkage between adolescent and adult offending

Alex R. Piquero, Robert Brame, Terrie E. Moffitt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

67 Citations (Scopus)


Recently, Paternoster et∈al. used data from the Cambridge Study in Delinquent Development, a longitudinal study of 411 South London boys mostly born in 1953, to investigate the linkage between adolescent and adult offending and found that variations in adult offending were consistent with a random process after conditioning on adolescent offending. In this paper, we test the robustness of this early study across data sources and genders. Here, we use data from the Dunedin New Zealand 1972 birth cohort study to replicate previous findings regarding stability and change in criminal offending between the adolescent and adult years. In particular, our interest centers on the stochastic properties of the adolescent and adult conviction distribution in the cohort and whether the structure of this distribution is similar for males and females. This replication and extension of prior work is especially important since criminologists have little understanding of the pattern of female adolescent offending or how the patterns are linked to adult offending for women. The analysis reveals that variation in adult offending after conditioning on adolescent offending is consistent with a random (Poisson) process. Furthermore, this pattern is evident for both the males and the females in the Dunedin New Zealand 1972 birth cohort.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)219-243
Number of pages25
JournalJournal of Quantitative Criminology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2005
Externally publishedYes


  • Change
  • Criminal convictions
  • Gender
  • Mixture models
  • Poisson processes
  • Stability

Cite this