Expression of interferon-induced genes in different tissues of mice

A. M. Flenniken, J. Galabru, M. N. Rutherford, A. G. Hovanessian, B. R.G. Williams

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In vivo responses to interferon (IFN) in mice were determined by measuring the steady-state levels of induced mRNAs following injection of IFN and poly(I)-poly(C). With cDNA probes for mouse 2'-5' oligoadenylate synthetase (2-5A synthetase) and 1-8, constitutive expression of the corresponding mRNA was detectable in different organs of normal C3H/He mice. These mRNA levels were increased by as much as 15-fold over control levels in various tissues, including the brain, after IFN and poly(I)-poly(C) treatment, coincident with increases in 2-5A synthetase enzyme activity. The basal activity level of this enzyme could be reduced in normal mice by treatment with anti-mouse IFN (α+β) antibody. This treatment also reduced the levels of 2-5A synthetase and 1-8 mRNAs. Thus, physiological levels of circulating IFN maintain elevated levels of IFN-induced mRNAs in mice. Furthermore, changes in 2-5A synthetase enzyme activity reflect the changes in gene expression in vivo.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3077-3083
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Virology
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1988
Externally publishedYes

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