Expression of FGF2 and TGFalpha and testis morphology during testicular hypertrophy subsequent to hemicastration in the neonatal boar

R Wells, P T Scott, D K Harrison, Nigel Glen Wreford, Richard Duckett, S D Johnston, M J D'Occhio

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The objective was to ascertain fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF2), epidermal growth factor (EGF), and transforming growth factor-alpha (TGFalpha) mRNA expression and testis morphology during accelerated testicular growth after hemicastration in the neonatal boar. On Day 10 after birth (Day 0), boars were assigned to control (n = 28), no treatment; hemicastrated (n = 28), left testis removed. The right testis in both groups (n = 7) was removed on Days 5, 10, 15, and 20. Expression of mRNA for FGF2, EGF, and TGFalpha was determined by qRT-PCR using TaqMan. Testicular morphology was determined on Day 15. On Day 10, hemicastrated boars had a greater (P = 0.01) testis weight (6.2 +/- 0.8 g; mean +/- SEM) than controls (4.3 +/- 0.4 g) and on Day 15 testis weight in hemicastrated boars (8.8 +/- 0.8 g) was twice (P <0.01) that of control boars (4.2 +/- 0.3 g). Seminiferous tubule volume was approximately doubled in hemicastrated boars (P <0.01) and was associated with an increase (P <0.01) in Sertoli cell number. Interstitial compartment volume was greater (P <0.01) in hemicastrated boars. Leydig cell numbers were similar (P = 0.14) but volume was greater (P <0.01) for hemicastrates. There were no differences (P > 0.05) between control and hemicastrated boars in TGFalpha or FGF2 expression on Day 5 or Day 10, and EGF was not detected. It was concluded that upregulation of TGFalpha or FGF2 expression is not a pre-requisite for enhanced testicular growth and increased Sertoli cell proliferation that occurs subsequent to hemicastration in the neonatal boar.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)961 - 966
Number of pages6
JournalMolecular Reproduction and Development
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2008

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