Epidermal growth factor (EGF) is a fibrogenic cytokine with a possible role in chronic damage. EGF is also involved in tubular regenerative response to injury. This study investigates the expression and distribution of EGF in a rat model of renal allograft rejection. EGF was localised in control kidneys to distal convoluted tubules (DCT) and thick ascending loop of Henle (TAL). Five days post-transplantation EGF was diffusely distributed. In chronic rejection at one, three and six months, damaged areas of allografts demonstrated faint diffuse EGF staining, while well-preserved areas exhibited the normal distribution pattern. PreproEGF mRNA was significantly reduced (P <0.01) in acute rejection and in chronic rejection at three months to 28% and 51% of normal, respectively. At six months values ranged from 16% to 166% of normal kidneys, and were inversely correlated with tubular damage (P <0.01). PreproEGF mRNA was localized to DCT and TAL in controls and in well preserved areas of the tissue in chronic rejection. Thus, EGF would not appear to contribute to the development of injury in chronic renal rejection. It may instead exert a protective effect on tubular structures.
|Number of pages||9|
|Publication status||Published - Oct 1994|