Exposure to household painting and floor treatments, and parental occupational paint exposure and risk of childhood brain tumors: results from an Australian case-control study

Kathryn R Greenop, Susan Peters, Lin Fritschi, Deborah Catherine Glass, Lesley J Ashton, Helen D Bailey, Rodney J Scott, John Daubenton, Nicholas H de Klerk, Bruce K Armstrong, Elizabeth Milne

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5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose Childhood brain tumors (CBT) are the leading cause of cancer death in children, yet their etiology remains largely unknown. This study investigated whether house- hold exposure to paints and floor treatments and parental occupational painting were associated with CBT risk in a population-based case?control study conducted between 2005 and 2010. Methods Cases were identified through all ten Australian pediatric oncology centers, and controls via nationwide random-digit dialing, frequency matched to cases on age, sex, and state of residence. Data were obtained from par- ents in mailed questionnaires and telephone interviews. Information on domestic painting and floor treatments, and parental occupational exposure to paint, in key periods relating to the index pregnancy and childhood was obtained for 306 cases and 950 controls. Data were analyzed using unconditional logistic regression, adjusting for frequency matching variables and potential confounders. Results Overall, we found little evidence that parental, fetal, or childhood exposure to home painting or floor treatments was associated with risk of CBT. There was, though, some evidence of a positive association between childhood expo- sure to indoor painting and risk of high-grade glioma [odds ratio (OR) 3.31, 95 confidence interval (CI) 1.29, 8.52] based on very small numbers. The OR for the association between CBT and paternal occupational exposure to paint any time before the pregnancy was 1.32 (95 CI 0.90, 1.92), which is consistent with the results of other studies. Conclusions Overall, we found little evidence of associ- ations between household exposure to paint and the risk of CBT in any of the time periods investigated.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)283 - 291
Number of pages9
JournalCancer Causes and Control
Volume25
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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