Exploring the roles of advanced practice nurses in the care of patients following fragility hip fracture: A systematic review

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6 Citations (Scopus)


Aim: This study aimed to explore the role and impact of advanced practice nurses (APNs) in care of patients following fragility hip fracture by systematically reviewing the available evidence. Review Design: Systematic review. Data sources: A search of the databases Ovid Medline, CINAHL, Embase, Emcare, Cochrane Library, and Google Scholar was conducted from January–February 2019. Method: This systematic review adhered to The PRISMA Statement. Study selection was managed using the Covidence software platform and quality was assessed using JBI Critical appraisal tools. Studies included adults >18 years and described the role and impact of APNs in care of patients following fragility hip fracture on clinical and non-clinical outcomes. Results: There were 19 papers identified that met the inclusion/exclusion criteria. Quality was graded as moderate to low risk of bias. Six characteristics of APNs were identified: (1) coordination; (2) collaboration; (3) education; (4) assessment, investigation and treatment recommendations; (5) discharge planning, support and follow up; and (6) documentation. Overall mortality and LOS improved when characteristics of the APN role were present. Conclusion: Key findings from this systematic review showed: (1) The APN title and role are not clearly defined, but characteristics of the APN role are evident; (2) characteristics of APNs promote the delivery of best practice hip fracture care and have a positive impact on mortality and LOS; and (3) innovative service delivery models involving APNs should be considered to address future projections of hip fracture rates and improve outcomes. Impact: This systematic review provides evidence of the role characteristics of APNs in fragility hip fracture and the impact of the role on outcomes. Findings from this research could be used to develop service delivery models using APNs to care for patients following fragility hip fracture and to inform practice where APN roles may improve outcomes for other patient cohorts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2166-2184
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Advanced Nursing
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 2021


  • advanced practice nurse
  • clinical nurse specialist
  • fragility hip fracture
  • hip fracture
  • nurse anaesthetists
  • nurse midwives
  • nurse practitioner
  • nurse's role
  • orthopaedic nurse practitioner
  • systematic review

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