Exploring disparities in acute myocardial infarction events between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal Australians: Roles of age, gender, geography and area-level disadvantage

D.A. Randall, L.R. Jorm, S. Lujic, S.J. Eades, T.R. Churches, A.J. O'Loughlin, A.H. Leyland

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We investigated disparities in rates of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal people in the 199 Statistical Local Areas (SLAs) in New South Wales, Australia. Using routinely collected and linked hospital and mortality data from 2002 to 2007, we developed multilevel Poisson regression models to estimate the relative rates of first AMI events in the study period accounting for area of residence. Rates of AMI in Aboriginal people were more than two times that in non-Aboriginal people, with the disparity greatest in more disadvantaged and remote areas. AMI rates in Aboriginal people varied significantly by SLA, as did the Aboriginal to non-Aboriginal rate ratio. We identified almost 30 priority areas for universal and targeted preventive interventions that had both high rates of AMI for Aboriginal people and large disparities in rates.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)58-66
Number of pages9
JournalHealth & Place
Volume28
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Aboriginal health
  • Acute myocardial infarction
  • Data linkage
  • Multilevel modeling

Cite this