Exploring blockchain for the coordination of distributed energy resources

Qing Yang, Hao Wang

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference PaperResearch

13 Citations (Scopus)


The fast growth of distributed energy resources (DERs), such as distributed renewables (e.g., rooftop PV panels), energy storage systems, electric vehicles, and controllable appliances, drives the power system toward a decentralized system with bidirectional power flow. The coordination of DERs through an aggregator, such as a utility, system operator, or a third-party coordinator, emerges as a promising paradigm. However, it is not well understood how to enable trust between the aggregator and DERs to integrate DERs efficiently. In this paper, we develop a trustable and distributed coordination system for DERs using blockchain technology. We model various DERs and formulate a cost minimization problem for DERs to optimize their energy trading, scheduling, and demand response. We use the alternating direction method of multipliers (ADMM) to solve the problem in a distributed fashion. To implement the distributed algorithm in a trustable way, we design a smart contract to update multipliers and communicate with DERs in a blockchain network. We validate our design by experiments using real-world data, and the simulation results demonstrate the effectiveness of our algorithm.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2021 55th Annual Conference on Information Sciences and Systems (CISS 2021)
EditorsAndreas Andreou, A. Brinton Cooper III, Archana Venkataraman, Colleen Amaral
Place of PublicationPiscataway NJ USA
PublisherIEEE, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781665412681
ISBN (Print)9781665448444
Publication statusPublished - 2021
EventAnnual Conference on Information Sciences and Systems 2021 - Online, Baltimore, United States of America
Duration: 24 Mar 202126 Mar 2021
Conference number: 55th
http://www.proceedings.com/58607.html (Proceedings)
https://ciss.jhu.edu (Website)


ConferenceAnnual Conference on Information Sciences and Systems 2021
Abbreviated titleCISS 2021
Country/TerritoryUnited States of America
Internet address


  • Blockchain
  • Distributed energy resource (DER)
  • Distributed optimization
  • Energy management
  • Smart grid

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