While there is widespread agreement on the importance of incorporating problem solving and reasoning into mathematics classrooms, there is limited specific advice on how this can best happen. This is a report of an aspect of a project that is examining the opportunities and constraints in initiating learning by posing challenging mathematics tasks intended to prompt problem solving and reasoning to students, not only to activate their thinking but also to develop an orientation to persistence. Data were sought from teachers and students in middle primary classes (students aged 8-10 years) via online surveys. One lesson focusing on the concept of equivalence is described in detail although mention is made of other lessons. The research questions focused on the teachers' reactions to the lesson structure and the specifics of the implementation in a particular school. The results indicate that student learning is facilitated by the particular lesson structure. This article reports on the implementation of this lesson structure and also on the finding that students' responses to the lessons can be used to inform subsequent learning experiences.
- Mathematical problem solving
- Mathematical reasoning
- Planning mathematics lessons
- Structuring mathematics lessons