Exploration of gaze-arrow stimuli in a cued paradigm of overt attention

Esther S. Ginsberg, Nicole Rinehart, Joanne Fielding

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Attentional shifts have been investigated extensively using gaze and arrow cues, but the spatiotemporal patterns of visual exploration of these stimuli-location and duration of fixations-has not been characterized. These patterns and the corresponding responses to gaze and arrow cues were examined using a saccade gap paradigm, with no constraints on central fixation, in 27 healthy adult males, aged 18-36. Mean relative dwell time, a measure of the duration of eye fixations on the stimuli relative to stimulus duration, was lower for gaze stimuli. In both stimulus conditions, responses were faster for validly cued targets at a stimulus-onset asynchrony of 400 ms, but slower at a stimulus-onset asynchrony of 800 ms. These effects were considered with reference to transient events at fixation (cue offset and gap). Foreperiod saccades-early idiosyncratic responses to the cue rather than to the target- occurred more frequently for arrow cues, were unrelated to attentional shifts, and moderately associated with readiness to respond. Asymmetries in saccade latencies, with faster responses either leftward or rightward, were present in 37% of the sample across all conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)266-279
Number of pages14
JournalPsychology and Neuroscience
Volume11
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2018

Keywords

  • Gaze and arrow cues
  • Mean relative dwell time
  • Saccade latency asymmetries
  • Spatial attention
  • Stimulus configuration

Cite this

Ginsberg, Esther S. ; Rinehart, Nicole ; Fielding, Joanne. / Exploration of gaze-arrow stimuli in a cued paradigm of overt attention. In: Psychology and Neuroscience. 2018 ; Vol. 11, No. 3. pp. 266-279.
@article{58914306df0048baa5cde357f7befe9f,
title = "Exploration of gaze-arrow stimuli in a cued paradigm of overt attention",
abstract = "Attentional shifts have been investigated extensively using gaze and arrow cues, but the spatiotemporal patterns of visual exploration of these stimuli-location and duration of fixations-has not been characterized. These patterns and the corresponding responses to gaze and arrow cues were examined using a saccade gap paradigm, with no constraints on central fixation, in 27 healthy adult males, aged 18-36. Mean relative dwell time, a measure of the duration of eye fixations on the stimuli relative to stimulus duration, was lower for gaze stimuli. In both stimulus conditions, responses were faster for validly cued targets at a stimulus-onset asynchrony of 400 ms, but slower at a stimulus-onset asynchrony of 800 ms. These effects were considered with reference to transient events at fixation (cue offset and gap). Foreperiod saccades-early idiosyncratic responses to the cue rather than to the target- occurred more frequently for arrow cues, were unrelated to attentional shifts, and moderately associated with readiness to respond. Asymmetries in saccade latencies, with faster responses either leftward or rightward, were present in 37{\%} of the sample across all conditions.",
keywords = "Gaze and arrow cues, Mean relative dwell time, Saccade latency asymmetries, Spatial attention, Stimulus configuration",
author = "Ginsberg, {Esther S.} and Nicole Rinehart and Joanne Fielding",
year = "2018",
month = "9",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1037/pne0000134",
language = "English",
volume = "11",
pages = "266--279",
journal = "Psychology and Neuroscience",
issn = "1984-3054",
publisher = "American Psychological Association",
number = "3",

}

Exploration of gaze-arrow stimuli in a cued paradigm of overt attention. / Ginsberg, Esther S.; Rinehart, Nicole; Fielding, Joanne.

In: Psychology and Neuroscience, Vol. 11, No. 3, 01.09.2018, p. 266-279.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Exploration of gaze-arrow stimuli in a cued paradigm of overt attention

AU - Ginsberg, Esther S.

AU - Rinehart, Nicole

AU - Fielding, Joanne

PY - 2018/9/1

Y1 - 2018/9/1

N2 - Attentional shifts have been investigated extensively using gaze and arrow cues, but the spatiotemporal patterns of visual exploration of these stimuli-location and duration of fixations-has not been characterized. These patterns and the corresponding responses to gaze and arrow cues were examined using a saccade gap paradigm, with no constraints on central fixation, in 27 healthy adult males, aged 18-36. Mean relative dwell time, a measure of the duration of eye fixations on the stimuli relative to stimulus duration, was lower for gaze stimuli. In both stimulus conditions, responses were faster for validly cued targets at a stimulus-onset asynchrony of 400 ms, but slower at a stimulus-onset asynchrony of 800 ms. These effects were considered with reference to transient events at fixation (cue offset and gap). Foreperiod saccades-early idiosyncratic responses to the cue rather than to the target- occurred more frequently for arrow cues, were unrelated to attentional shifts, and moderately associated with readiness to respond. Asymmetries in saccade latencies, with faster responses either leftward or rightward, were present in 37% of the sample across all conditions.

AB - Attentional shifts have been investigated extensively using gaze and arrow cues, but the spatiotemporal patterns of visual exploration of these stimuli-location and duration of fixations-has not been characterized. These patterns and the corresponding responses to gaze and arrow cues were examined using a saccade gap paradigm, with no constraints on central fixation, in 27 healthy adult males, aged 18-36. Mean relative dwell time, a measure of the duration of eye fixations on the stimuli relative to stimulus duration, was lower for gaze stimuli. In both stimulus conditions, responses were faster for validly cued targets at a stimulus-onset asynchrony of 400 ms, but slower at a stimulus-onset asynchrony of 800 ms. These effects were considered with reference to transient events at fixation (cue offset and gap). Foreperiod saccades-early idiosyncratic responses to the cue rather than to the target- occurred more frequently for arrow cues, were unrelated to attentional shifts, and moderately associated with readiness to respond. Asymmetries in saccade latencies, with faster responses either leftward or rightward, were present in 37% of the sample across all conditions.

KW - Gaze and arrow cues

KW - Mean relative dwell time

KW - Saccade latency asymmetries

KW - Spatial attention

KW - Stimulus configuration

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85049799225&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1037/pne0000134

DO - 10.1037/pne0000134

M3 - Article

VL - 11

SP - 266

EP - 279

JO - Psychology and Neuroscience

JF - Psychology and Neuroscience

SN - 1984-3054

IS - 3

ER -