Exploitation and exploration climates’ influence on performance and creativity: Diminishing returns as function of self-efficacy

Giles Hirst, Daan Van Knippenberg, Qin Zhou, Cherrie Jiuhua Zhu, Philip Cheng-Fei Tsai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review


In response to calls for multilevel research examining individual and meso-level processes to understand how exploitation and exploration dynamics play out in teams, we propose that individual in-role performance (cf. exploitation) and creativity (cf. exploration) are associated with team exploitation and exploration climate respectively, and this influence is moderated by domain specific performance and creative self-efficacy respectively. Studying 317 engineers in 70 teams across three national regions, we theorize and find domain-specific evidence that when individual self-efficacy is high, team climate has diminishing performance (exploitation climate × performance self-efficacy) and creative (exploration climate × creative self-efficacy) benefits. By simultaneously studying creativity and performance, our study helps understand the differences
and communalities in the drivers of those outcomes in identifying both the domain-specific character of these influences and the similarity in how these influences play out.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)870-891
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of Management
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2018


  • creativity
  • performance
  • multilevel
  • team climate
  • self-efficacy

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