Explicit finite difference analysis of an unsteady MHD flow of a chemically reacting Casson fluid past a stretching sheet with Brownian motion and thermophoresis effects

Sk. Reza-E-Rabbi, S. M. Arifuzzaman, Tanmoy Sarkar, Md. Shakhaoath Khan, Sarder Firoz Ahmmed

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19 Citations (Scopus)


This study intends to elaborate the heat and mass transfer analysis of Casson nanofluid flow past a stretching sheet together with magnetohydrodynamics (MHD), thermal radiation and chemical reaction effects. The boundary layer approximations established the governing equations, i.e., time-subservient momentum, energy and diffusion balance equations. An explicit finite difference scheme was implemented as a numerical technique where Compaq Visual Fortran 6.6.a programming code is also developed for simulating the fluid flow system. In order to accurateness of the numerical technique, a stability and convergence analysis was carried out where the system was found converged at Prandtl number, Pr ≥ 0.062 and Lewis number, Le ≥ 0.025 when τ = 0.0005, ΔX = 0.8 and ΔY = 0.2. The non-dimensional outcomes are apprehended here which rely on various physical parameters. The impression of these various physical parameters on momentum and thermal boundary layers along with concentration profiles are discussed and displayed graphically. In addition, the impact of system parameters on Cf, Nu and Sh profiles with streamlines and isothermal lines are also discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)690-701
Number of pages12
JournalKing Saud University Journal - Science
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • Casson nanofluid
  • Heat and mass transfer
  • MHD
  • Stretching sheet
  • Thermal radiation

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