The particle flow characteristics in a dual circulating fluidized bed (DCFB) with symmetrical CFB units were experimentally studied. Each CFB unit consists of a riser (Hr =3m, Dr =0.1m), a downcomer (Hd =1.73m, Dd =0.1m), a cyclone separator and a loop seal. The solid material applied in the experiments was quartz sand (d=140μm, ρs =2600kg/m3) with a total solid inventory of 70kg. Four steady flow patterns were formed in each CFB unit, including turbulent flow (TF), cluster flow (CF), annular flow (AF) and suspension flow (SF), which leads to five steady coupled flow patterns in DCFB, i.e. CF-TF, CF-CF, AF-CF, AF-AF and AF-SF. Axial solid holdups were examined at these plow patterns and their transitions. The fluctuation strength and particles flow stability were evaluated with standard deviation (σ) and coefficient of variation (CV) of time-series solid holdups, respectively. It was found that a growth in the superficial gas velocity of Unit B (Ug,B) would lead to a more uniform Unit B axial solid holdup. Meanwhile, the variation trends of Unit A solid holdup differed under different coupled flow pattern. With Ug,B increasing, σB along Unit B riser became more homogeneous while the change in σA was roughly linear with the variation of solid circulation rate. Meanwhile, σ and CV of Unit B solid holdups were found to have a similar variation trend under coupled flow patterns of CF-TF and CF-CF. As for coupled flow patterns of AF-CF, AF-AF and AF-SF, with increasing Ug,B, the CV of Unit B bottom region kept decreasing while constant growths were found in other regions.
- Dual circulating fluidized bed
- Dynamic flow characteristics
- Particles flow
- Solid holdup fluctuation